URBANA, Ill.- The idea of putting in a raised-bed vegetable garden can be confusing if you’re not sure where to start, said a University of Illinois horticulture educator.
It can be especially difficult for schools and communities that have never put in gardens before. Spring is a great time to start planning for this year’s garden, said Candice Miller.
“A checklist can be helpful in putting in a raised-bed garden,” Miller said. “The list below can help you work through all the steps of putting in a raised-bed garden, from selecting a location for your raised bed, all the way through planting your bed.”
Step 1: Choose a location
- The location for a raised bed should be in full sun for most fruits and vegetables.
- It should be near a water source for easy watering and should be close to the building for convenient harvesting.
- The bed can face any direction, but if you are building a longer bed, orienting the bed east and west will provide better light distribution.
Step 2: Kill off existing vegetation where your raised bed will go
- Grass and weeds can grow up through the new bed so it’s best to kill off any existing grass and weeds prior to putting the soil in the bed.
- This can be done naturally by placing plastic, cardboard, or layers of newspaper down over the vegetation. This will eliminate all light from the plants and will kill off the growth over a few months’ time. This can be done in the fall so that the area is ready for spring planting. Newspaper or cardboard can be left at the bottom of the bed as it will degrade, but plastic should be removed prior to placing soil in order to not impede the drainage of your bed.
- Another method is to spray the existing vegetation with a herbicide, like glyphosate, to kill all existing vegetation. Follow the safety and application instructions on the product label.
Step 3: Choose your construction materials
- Raised beds can be constructed out of just about anything. Some of the most popular choices include redwood or cedar wood, concrete blocks, bricks, stone, and various recycled materials.
- Redwood and cedar are some of the longest-lasting woods for building raised beds.
- Some materials you want to avoid include some treated lumbers (read more about treated lumbers here: http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/freepubs/pdfs/uc173.pdf), creosote-treated railroad ties, and chemically treated pallet wood. Avoid any type of material that may be dangerous for food products to come in contact with. If these materials are used for bed construction, the bed may be lined with plastic to avoid contact of the materials with the soil.
- Choose whatever material will be the most economical and long lasting for your bed.
Step 4: Build your bed
- The size of the bed will depend on the number of people the bed will provide with food.
- Beds should be no more than 4 feet wide if accessible from both sides and 3 feet if accessible from one side. The length of the bed can be as long as needed.
- The depth of the bed should be at least 6 to 12 inches to promote good root growth.
- Beds built higher than 18 to 24 inches will need extra reinforcement.
- At least a 4-foot-wide pathway between beds is standard for easy accessibility. This pathway can also be covered with mulch, straw, newspaper, etc., to prevent weeds. It can be planted with grass as long as the pathway is large enough to allow a mower to pass through.
Step 5: Fill your bed with soil
- The soil used for the bed should include good topsoil and lots of organic matter. This can be any combination of: purchased topsoil, compost, fine pine bark mulch, or peat moss.
- A soil mixture example could be: 60 percent topsoil, 30 percent compost, 10 percent soilless growing mix that contains peat moss, perlite, and/or vermiculite.
- Various websites have soil calculators available that can tell you how much soil is needed for a certain bed size.
- It’s recommended (though not required) to test the soil using a soil test kit prior to planting and in years following to monitor pH and nutrient levels.
Step 6: Plant your bed
- Nearly anything can be grown in a raised bed. Cucurbit crops like melons and cucumbers may be better suited to a larger site though as they quickly fill a bed.
- Plant spacing is very important in a raised bed so that prime planting space is not wasted. Consult your seed packet for information on proper spacing. Information can also be found on U of I Extension websites (http://web.extension.illinois.edu/vegguide/step02.cfm) and in various books about ways to maximize planting space.
- Be sure to place taller vegetables on the appropriate side of the bed to prevent shading of other plants in the bed.
Visit the Illinois Vegetable Garden Guide website by U of I Extension for more information on raised beds and vegetable gardening: http://web.extension.illinois.edu/vegguide/.
Urbana Raised Garden Bed 2-pack, Made From BPA-Free PVC Blend, Tool-free Assembly
Brand New In Retail Box! Urbana Raised Garden Bed 2-pack. Made From BPA-Free PVC Blend. Dual Finish Boards - Brushed or Embossed.Modular - Connect Multiples Together. After 2 years, 26 product blends and nearly 100 prototypes. The most sophisticated, technically advanced and environmentally friendly range of garden products have arrived. Urbana combines distinctive design and effortless functionality to deliver an unparalleled gardening experience in a home, business or outdoor space.
A never before seen composite material that offers the natural look of wood, but with the lightweight durability of polymer. Dual aesthetic boards can be reversed to allow for either a natural wood grain look or brushed finish. BPA-free polymer ensures healthy, safe food production and a long product lifespan. Urbana products are simple to build and maintain, ensuring an effortless gardening experience. The 4X4 Raised Garden Bed boards slide and lock into the modular posts easily and conveniently, with no need for tools or screws.
Urbana Raised Garden Beds are customizable to your gardening needs. Our innovative posts make for perfectly modular beds, allowing you to design and configure your own garden bed layout and size. This 2 unique pack creates a set of beds that are 4 feet long by 4 feet wide. They can be placed separately or joined together to create a 12 foot bed. Material: Unique blend of high-grade polymers (Vinyl) that are BPA and phthalate free so you can grow food safely and with confidence.
Cleans easily with your garden hose. Double-stamped boards allow you to choose between wood grain or a brushed finish.
Refer to assembly manual for line drawings. Items are in stock at time of listing but are offered to other retailers and so occasionally they may go on back order or sell out. Orders paid for on Saturday or Sunday will usually begin to be processed on that next Monday. Your complete satisfaction is very important to us. The item "Urbana Raised Garden Bed 2-pack, Made From BPA-Free PVC Blend, Tool-free Assembly" is in sale since Tuesday, October 15, 2019.
This item is in the category "Home & Garden\Yard, Garden & Outdoor Living\Plant Care, Soil & Accessories\Baskets, Pots & Window Boxes". The seller is "yallmart" and is located in Minneapolis, Minnesota. This item can be shipped to United States.
- Shape: Square
- Material: PVC
- Type: Raised garden bed
- Features: Expandable
- Color: Gray
- MPN: Does Not Apply
- Brand: New England Arbors
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Urbana Garden Bed
Distinctive design and effortless functionality, the Urbana Garden Bed are perfect for growing deep root vegetables, herbs, or your favorite flowers. The Urbana is crafted from a composite material that offers the natural look of wood, but with the lightweight durability of vinyl. Dual aesthetic boards can be reversed to allow for either a natural wood grain look and are BPA/phthalate-free ensuring healthy, safe food production and a long product lifespan. Posts are made from anodized aluminum. Boards slide into posts easily and conveniently, with no need for tools or screws. The innovative posts make for perfectly modular garden beds, allowing you to design and configure your own unique garden bed layout and size. Simple to build, customize and maintain, making growing your own food pleasure and not a chore. 10-year warranty. Measures 48”l x 48”w x 11”h. 13 1/2 cubic feet of soil capacity and 14 3/4 sq. ft. of planting area. The product has no bottom floor.
What is White Glove Delivery?
For the ultimate hassle-free delivery and set-up experience for your furniture investment we offer a premium White Glove Delivery option for customers in the continental United States.
White Glove Delivery means personalized service for your shipment. Our trained Delivery Specialists will receive your order at their local warehouse, inspect it for defects or shipping damage, and assemble your furniture. You will then be contacted by the Delivery Team to set up a convenient delivery day and time. On delivery day your items will be carefully transported to your location and set in place in the location of your choice.
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How is this different from Standard Delivery?
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Garden bed urbana
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