Flight movie wikipedia

Flight movie wikipedia DEFAULT


"Flying High!" redirects here. For other uses, see Airplane (disambiguation) and Flying High (disambiguation).

1980 American satirical comedy film

Airplane! (alternatively titled Flying High!)[5] is a 1980 American parody film written and directed by David and Jerry Zucker and Jim Abrahams in their directorial debuts,[6] and produced by Jon Davison. It stars Robert Hays and Julie Hagerty and features Leslie Nielsen, Robert Stack, Lloyd Bridges, Peter Graves, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, and Lorna Patterson.[6] The film is a parody of the disaster film genre—particularly the 1957 Paramount film Zero Hour!, from which it borrows the plot and central characters—as well as many elements from Airport 1975 and other films in the Airport series. Airplane! is known for its use of surreal humor and fast-paced slapstick comedy, including visual and verbal puns, gags, running jokes, and obscure humor.

Released by Paramount Pictures, Airplane! was a critical and commercial success, grossing $171 million worldwide against a budget of $3.5 million.[8] Its creators received the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Comedy, and nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and for the BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay.

In the years since its release, the film's reputation has grown substantially. Airplane! was ranked 6th on Bravo's '100 Funniest Movies'.[9] In a 2007 survey by Channel 4 in the United Kingdom, it was judged the second-greatest comedy of all time, behind Monty Python's Life of Brian.[10] In 2008, it was selected by Empire magazine as one of 'The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time' and in 2012 was voted #1 on 'The 50 Funniest Comedies Ever' poll.[11] In 2010, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[12][13][14]


Ex-fighter pilot Ted Striker is a traumatized war veteran turned taxi driver. Because of his pathological fear of flying and subsequent "drinking problem"—he splashes beverages anywhere but into his mouth—Striker has been unable to hold a responsible job. His wartime girlfriend, Elaine Dickinson, now a flight attendant, leaves him before boarding her assigned run from Los Angeles to Chicago. Striker abandons his taxi and buys a ticket on the same flight to try to win her back. Once onboard, however, Dickinson continues to reject him.

After the in-flight meal is served, the entire flight crew and several passengers fall ill. Passenger Dr. Rumack discovers that the fish served during meal service has caused food poisoning. With the flight crew incapacitated, Dickinson contacts the Chicago control tower for help and is instructed by tower supervisor Steve McCroskey to activate the plane's autopilot, a large inflatable dummy pilot dubbed "Otto", which will get them to Chicago but won't be able to land the plane. Dickinson and Rumack convince Striker to take the controls. When McCroskey learns Striker is piloting, he contacts Striker's former commanding officer, Rex Kramer—now serving as a commercial pilot—to help talk Striker through the landing procedure. Striker becomes uneasy when Kramer starts giving orders and he briefly breaks down amid more wartime flashbacks. Dickinson and Rumack both bolster Striker's confidence and he manages to once again take the controls.

As the plane nears Chicago, the weather worsens, complicating the landing. With Dickinson's help as co-pilot and Kramer's guidance from the tower, Striker is able to land the plane safely, despite the landing gear shearing off, and the passengers suffer only minor injuries. Rescue vehicles arrive to help unload the plane. Impressed by Striker's display of courage, Dickinson embraces and kisses him, rekindling their relationship. The two watch as "Otto" takes control of the plane, inflates a female companion, and takes off.


From left: the inflatable autopilot "Otto" with Julie Hagerty and Leslie Nielsen in the cockpit


Jerry Zucker, Jim Abrahams, and David Zucker (collectively known as Zucker, Abrahams and Zucker, or ZAZ) wrote Airplane! while they were performing with the Kentucky Fried Theatre, a theatre group they founded in 1971. To obtain material for comedy routines, they routinely recorded late night television and reviewed the tapes later primarily to pull the commercials, a process Abrahams compared to "seining for fish".[15] During one such taping process, they unintentionally recorded the 1957 film Zero Hour!, and while scanning the commercials, found it to be a "perfectly classically structured film" according to Jerry Zucker.[15] Abrahams later described Zero Hour! as "the serious version of Airplane!". It was the first film script they wrote, completed around 1975,[15] and was originally called The Late Show. The script originally stayed close to the dialog and plot of Zero Hour!, as ZAZ thought they did not have a sufficient understanding of film at the time to structure a proper script.[15] ZAZ's script borrowed so much from Zero Hour! that they believed they needed to negotiate the rights to create the remake of the film and ensure they remain within the allowance for parody within copyright law. They were able to obtain the rights from Warner Bros. and Paramount for about $2,500 at the time.[15] The original script contained spoofs of television commercials but people who proofread it advised them to shorten the commercials, and they eventually removed them. When their script was finished, they were unable to sell it.[16]

While failing to sell their script, the trio met director John Landis, who encouraged them to write a film based on their theatre sketches. They managed to put The Kentucky Fried Movie into production in the late 1970s, their first experience being on movie set. David Zucker said "it was the first time we had ever been on a movie set. We learned a lot. We learned that if you really wanted a movie to come out the way you wanted it to, you had to direct. So on the next movie, Airplane!, we insisted on directing".[16]

Eventually the Airplane! script found its way to Paramount through Michael Eisner. Eisner learned of the script via Susan Baerwald, another scriptwriter with United Artists, and had Jeffrey Katzenberg track down and meet with ZAZ to discuss details.[15]Avco Embassy Pictures also expressed interest in producing the film, but ZAZ decided to go with Paramount.[15]

Paramount insisted the film be shot in color rather than black-and-white as ZAZ wanted, and to be set aboard a jet airliner rather than propeller plane to better identify with modern filmgoers. In exchange, Paramount acquiesced to ZAZ's desire to cast serious actors for the film rather than comedy performers.[17] Principal photography began on June 20, 1979, and wrapped on August 31, with the bulk of filming having been done in August. Jerry Zucker stood beside the camera during shooting, while David Zucker and Jim Abrahams watched the video feed to see how the film would look; they conferred after each take.[18]


David Zucker explained that "the trick was to cast actors like Robert Stack, Leslie Nielsen, Peter Graves, and Lloyd Bridges. These were people who, up to that time, had never done comedy. We thought they were much funnier than the comedians of that time were".[16]

David Zucker felt Stack was the most important actor to be cast, since he was the "linchpin" of the film's plot.[16][15] Stack initially played his role in a way that was different from what the directors had in mind. They showed him a tape of impressionist John Byner impersonating Robert Stack. According to the producers, Stack was "doing an impression of John Byner doing an impression of Stack". Stack was not initially interested in the part, but ZAZ persuaded him. Bridges' children advised him to take the part.[16] Graves rejected the script at first, considering it tasteless. During filming, ZAZ had explained to Graves that his lines spoken to a young boy, like "Have you ever seen a grown man naked?", would "be explained later in a part that you aren't in".[17] On the DVD commentary, Abrahams said: "I don't understand. What did he think was tasteless about pedophilia?"[19]

For the role of Dr. Rumack, ZAZ initially suggested Dom DeLuise, Christopher Lee, and Jack Webb, all of whom turned it down, before they considered Nielsen,[17] who was "just a fish in water" in his role, according to Jerry Zucker.[15] Nielsen's career to this point had consisted mostly of serious leading roles but he wanted to work in comedy and was looking for a film to help in the transition. He was considered a "closet comedian" on set, pranking his fellow actors between shots, but immediately adopted his somber, serious persona when performing as Rumack.[17] During filming, Nielsen used a whoopee cushion to keep the cast off-balance. Hays said that Nielsen "played that thing like a maestro".[19] Christopher Lee would later acknowledge that turning down the role (to star in the film 1941) was a huge mistake.[20]

The role of Ted Striker was written for David Letterman, who had auditioned for a news anchorman role in Kentucky Fried Movie. Letterman screen tested in 1979, but ultimately was not selected.[21]Bill Murray and Fred Willard were also considered for the role.[22][23]Caitlyn Jenner[a] also read for the part. Instead, ZAZ opted for Robert Hays, co-star of ABCsituation comedyAngie.[17] Elaine's part was auditioned for by Sigourney Weaver and Shelley Long but eventually went to Julie Hagerty.[17] The directors advised the pair to play their roles straight.[18] Hays and Hagerty developed an on-screen chemistry that worked in the film's favor; they spent time to perfect the bar dance routine set to "Stayin' Alive", among other scenes.[15][17]

For the "red zone/white zone" send-up of curbside terminal announcements in which public address announcers "Betty" and "Vernon" argue over the red and white zones, ZAZ went through the usual process of auditioning professional voice actors but failed to find ones who could provide the desired verisimilitude. Instead, the filmmakers ultimately sought out and hired the real-life married couple who had recorded the announcement tapes which were then being used at Los Angeles International Airport.[24] ZAZ lifted some of their dialog directly from the 1968 novel Airport, written by Arthur Hailey who had also written Zero Hour!'s script. The lifted lines included ones about an unwanted pregnancy; David Zucker said the couple "got a kick out of it".[17]


The film's score was composed by Elmer Bernstein, who had previously provided soundtracks for classic films like The Ten Commandments, The Magnificent Seven, To Kill a Mockingbird, and The Great Escape. ZAZ told Bernstein they did not want an epic score like his past works but "a B-Movie level score, overdone and corny".[17] According to ZAZ, Bernstein completely understood what they were trying to do, had laughed throughout a previous cut of the film, and wrote a "fantastic score".[15]

In 1980, an LP soundtrack for the film was released by Regency Records which included dialog and songs from the film. Narrated by Shadoe Stevens, it only featured one score track, the "Love Theme from Airplane!" composed by Bernstein. The soundtrack was altered for the European 'Flying High' release, with several featured tracks swapped for pieces original to the LP.

In April 2009, La-La Land Records announced it would release the first official soundtrack album for Airplane!, containing Bernstein's complete score.[25] The soundtrack was released digitally on February 19, 2013, by Paramount Music.[26]


Prior to the film's release, the directors were apprehensive following a mediocre audience response at a pre-screening, but the film earned its entire budget of about $3.5 million in its first five days of wide release.

Airplane! opened on June 27, 1980 in seven theatres in Toronto, grossing $83,058 in its opening weekend.[1][27] It also opened in two theaters in Buffalo, grossing $14,000 in its first week.[28] The film then expanded on Wednesday, July 2 to 705 theaters in the United States and Canada, grossing $6,052,514 in its first five days of wide release, finishing second for the weekend with a gross of $4,540,000.[29] Overall, it grossed $83 million at the US and Canadian box office and returned $40 million in rentals,[8] making it the fourth-highest-grossing film of 1980.[30] Worldwide, the film earned $171 million.[4]


"Airplane! emerged in 1980 as a sharply perceptive parody of the big-budget disaster films that dominated Hollywood during the 1970s [and] introduced a much-needed deflating assessment of the tendency of theatrical film producers to push successful formulaic movie conventions beyond the point of logic".

Library of Congress

Airplane! received universal acclaim from critics and is widely regarded as one of the best films of 1980.[31][32][33][34]Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an approval rating of 97% based on 69 reviews, compiled retrospectively, with an average rating of 8.45/10. The site's critical consensus reads: "Though unabashedly juvenile and silly, Airplane! is nevertheless an uproarious spoof comedy full of quotable lines and slapstick gags that endure to this day".[35] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 78 out of 100 based on 18 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[36]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times wrote "Airplane! is sophomoric, obvious, predictable, corny, and quite often very funny. And the reason it's funny is frequently because it's sophomoric, predictable, corny, etc."[37]Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote "Airplane! is more than a pleasant surprise... As a remedy for the bloated self-importance of too many other current efforts, it's just what the doctor ordered".[38]

In 2008, Airplane! was selected by Empire magazine as one of 'The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time'.[39] It was also placed on a similar list—'The Best 1000 Movies Ever Made'—by The New York Times.[40] In November 2015, the film was ranked fourth in the Writers Guild of America's list of '101 Funniest Screenplays'.[41]

MaximOnline.com named the airplane crash in Airplane! as number four on its list of "Most Horrific Movie Plane Crashes". Leslie Nielsen's response to Hays' "Surely you can't be serious" line—"I am serious. And don't call me Shirley"—was 79th on AFI's list of the best 100 movie quotes. In 2000, the American Film Institute listed Airplane! as number ten on its list of the 100 funniest American films. In the same year, Total Film readers voted it the second-greatest comedy film of all time. It was also second in the British 50 Greatest Comedy Films poll on Channel 4, beaten by Monty Python's Life of Brian. Entertainment Weekly voted the film the "funniest movie on video" in their list of the 100 funniest movies on video.[42]

A number of actors were cast to spoof their established images: prior to their roles in Airplane!, Nielsen, Stack, and Bridges were known for portraying adventurous, no-nonsense tough-guy characters. Stack's role as the captain who loses his nerve in one of the earliest airline "disaster" films, The High and the Mighty (1954), is spoofed in Airplane!, as is Lloyd Bridges' 1970–1971 television role as airport manager Jim Conrad in San Francisco International Airport. Peter Graves was in the made-for-television film SST: Death Flight, in which an SST was unable to land owing to an emergency.[43]

Nielsen enjoyed a major career boost subsequent to Airplane!'s release. The film marked a significant change in his film persona towards deadpan comedy, notably in the three Naked Gun films: The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad! (1988); The Naked Gun 2½: The Smell of Fear (1991); and Naked Gun 33⅓: The Final Insult (1994). The films were based on the six-episode television series Police Squad! which starred Nielsen and was created and produced by Zucker–Abrahams–Zucker. This also led to his casting, many years later, in Mel Brooks' Dracula: Dead and Loving It. Brooks had wanted to make the film for a long time, but put it off because, as he said: "I just could not find the right Dracula". According to Brooks, he didn't see Airplane! until years after its release. When he did, he knew Nielsen would be right for the part. When it was suggested that his role in Airplane! was against type, Nielsen protested that he had "always been cast against type before", and that comedy was what he always really wanted to do.[44]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:

Dr. Rumack: "I am serious. And don't call me Shirley". – No. 79[46]


Peter Farrelly said of the film: "I was in Rhode Island the first time I saw Airplane! Seeing it for the first time was like going to a great rock concert, like seeing Led Zeppelin or the Talking Heads. We didn't realize until later that what we'd seen was a very specific kind of comedy that we now call the Zucker-Abrahams-Zucker school".[19] Farrelly, along with his writing partner Bennett Yellin, sent a comedy script to David Zucker, who in return gave them their first Hollywood writing job. Farrelly said: "I'll tell you right now, if the Zuckers didn't exist, there would be no Farrelly brothers".[19]

Thirty years later, the documentary Jews and Baseball: An American Love Story opened with a scene from the film.[47][48]

The MythBusters TV show episode "Airplane Hour" reenacted the climax of the film to see if an inexperienced pilot could land a plane with only a call from Air Traffic Control. The Mythbusters had to use a simulation to test the myth but concluded that the scene was plausible. They did, however, mention that most planes today have an autopilot to land the plane safely.

In the 2012 film Ted, main character John Bennett tells the story of how he met Lori Collins. The flashback is a close recreation of the scene where Ted Striker met Elaine Dickinson in the disco.[49]

In early 2014, Delta Air Lines began using a new on-board safety film with many 1980s references, featuring an ending with a cameo of Kareem Abdul-Jabbar reprising his role as co-pilot Roger Murdock.[50]

In 2014, Travel Wisconsin began airing an ad with Robert Hays and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar reprising their roles from the film. Kareem makes the comment "Why did I ever leave this place?" referring to his time playing for the Milwaukee Bucks.[51][52][53] Hays also reprises his role as an airline pilot in Sharknado 2: The Second One.

The first episode of the eighth season of the TV series The Goldbergs re-enacts certain scenes.


Airplane II: The Sequel, first released on December 10, 1982, attempted to tackle the science fiction film genre, though there was still emphasis on the general theme of disaster films. Although most of the cast reunited for the sequel, the writers and directors of Airplane! chose not to be involved. In the DVD commentary for Airplane! David Zucker, Jim Abrahams, and Jerry Zucker claim to have never seen nor to have any desire to see Airplane II.


  1. ^At the time of production, Caitlyn was still known as Bruce Jenner


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  27. ^"'Evil' Ominous 16G, Buff.; 'Lagoon' 7G". Variety. July 9, 1980. p. 14.
  28. ^"Fox's Senior Notes, Debentures Primed For Undetailed Uses". Variety. July 9, 1980. p. 3.
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External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Airplane!
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airplane!

Flight 7500

For the 2020 film about an airline hijacking, see 7500 (film).

2014 film directed by Takashi Shimizu

Flight 7500 is a 2014 American supernatural horror film directed by Takashi Shimizu and starring Leslie Bibb, Jerry Ferrara, Ryan Kwanten, and Amy Smart. It revolves around a supernatural force on a plane. The film is loosely based on the Helios Airways flight 522 incident.

The film was released in the United States on April 12, 2016, by CBS Films and Lionsgate.[3]


Vista Pacific Airlines flight 7500, a Boeing 747-300, departs from Los Angeles to Tokyo. Passengers onboard include a group of two vacationing couples, Lyn (Aja Evans) and Jack (Ben Sharples) and Brad (Ryan Kwanten) and Pia (Amy Smart), who have secretly broken up; a thief named Jake (Alex Frost); a suspicious businessman traveling with a strange wooden box, Lance (Rick Kelly); a young woman named Raquel (Christian Serratos); newlyweds Rick (Jerry Ferrara) and the snobby Liz (Nicky Whelan); and the goth Jacinta (Scout Taylor-Compton). Air hostesses Laura (Leslie Bibb) and Suzy (Jamie Chung) welcome the passengers on board, and Suzy questions Laura about her secret relationship with the married captain, Pete (Johnathon Schaech).

A few hours into the flight, the plane hits turbulence that soon passes.

Lance has a panic attack and begins to bleed profusely from his mouth. When Lance suddenly dies, Captain Pete continues to Japan, moving the first-class passengers into Economy class and keeping Lance's body in the closed-off first class.

Laura notices plastic water bottles collapsing and quickly warns everyone to fasten their seatbelts, just as the cabin pressure drops. As the oxygen masks are dispensed above the seats, a thick smoke fills the cabin. After the cabin pressure returns to normal and the smoke disappears, Laura finds Raquel unconscious in the toilet and revives her with an oxygen tank. Meanwhile, the plane's radio has stopped working and Captain Pete cannot contact Tokyo air traffic controllers.

Jake goes to first-class to steal from Lance's body when the body suddenly moves. Suzy notices that Jake, and Lance's body, have both disappeared. When Laura notices an F-16 fighter jet flying beside their plane and calls the cockpit to inform Pete, he replies that no fighter jets are present. Brad's in-flight TV show (The Twilight Zone episode "Nightmare at 20,000 Feet") distorts and shows an image of Lance, while Liz is startled by a reflection of Lance on her laptop screen. Raquel returns to the washroom to do a pregnancy test and is relieved to find it negative. However, smoke begins to fill the toilet and a hand grabs her and pulls her into the floor.

The images of Lance appearing on their screens lead the group to search his belongings. Inside his carry-on are multiple tubes of hair with women's names taped onto them. They open Lance's small wooden box and find a "death doll," which Jacinta explains is a shinigami — a being who collects people's souls after they die, but only if they let go of whatever is holding them to this world. Subsequently, Suzy informs Laura that Lance's death has made her realize she does not want to marry her fiancé, which in turn leads to Laura breaking up with Pete.

Laura searches Lance's checked luggage, entering the hold through a small hatch. A hand emerges and drags Laura away. As Suzy waits for Laura by the hatch, another hand grabs at her. Suzy runs into first class, while a cloud of smoke follows her. The smoke quickly clears and Brad, Pia, Rick, Liz, and Jacinta rush to find out what is wrong. As Suzy walks towards them, one of the overhead compartments opens and she disappears into it. While the others rush towards the cockpit, Jacinta accepts that her only option is death, and she willingly walks towards an unknown figure which appears before her. The others discover that Captain Pete, Lyn, and Jack are dead.

The television in the cabin suddenly switches on, showing a breaking news story that Flight 7500 suffered a catastrophic decompression, communication had been lost, and a fighter jet has confirmed the death of everyone on board. Each of the group finds their own deceased body and remember their last moments while it is revealed that everyone that has disappeared was taken after they let go of the one thing that had been tying them to the world. Brad and Pia accept their death and reconcile as the plane runs out of fuel and crashes into the ocean. Sometime after, Liz awakens to find the plane empty. She hears a strange noise coming from one of the waste bins, a discolored hand appears, and Liz ducks out of frame.



In November 2011, CBS Films set the film, then known as 7500, for an August 31, 2012 release.[4] Trailers ran in theaters, attached to screenings of ThePossession. However, in May 2012, it was pulled from the schedule for a 2013 release date.[5] The film was released on April 12, 2016, on video on demand and on home media formats under the title Flight 7500.[6]

The film was released theatrically internationally in countries such as Philippines, Turkey, and Japan.[7][8]

Box office[edit]

As of September 1, 2015, the international gross for the film is $2.8 million[9]


  1. ^"Tyler Bates Scoring Takashi Shimizu's '7500′ and Joe Johnston's 'Not Safe for Work'". FilmMusicReporter.com.
  2. ^"7500". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  3. ^Miska, Brad (January 28, 2016). "Takashi Shimizu's Long Delayed 'Flight 7500' Takes Off!". BloodyDisgusting.com. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
  4. ^The Deadline Team (November 4, 2011). "CBS Films Sets Release Date For '7500'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
  5. ^The Deadline Team (May 9, 2012). "CBS Films Shifts Dates For 'Gambit', '7500". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
  6. ^Barton, Steve (January 28, 2016). "Flight 7500 FINALLY Touches Down on DVD". DreadCentral.com. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
  7. ^"Where Is Flight '7500?' Are Politics Holding Up The Release Of This Movie?". HorrorSociety.com. June 29, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
  8. ^"7500". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  9. ^"7500". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 11, 2015.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flight_7500
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Flight (2012 film)

2012 drama film by Robert Zemeckis

Flight is a 2012 American drama film directed by Robert Zemeckis, written by John Gatins and produced by Walter F. Parkes, Laurie MacDonald, Steve Starkey, Zemeckis and Jack Rapke. It stars Denzel Washington as William "Whip" Whitaker Sr., an alcoholic airline pilot who miraculously crash-lands his plane after a mechanical failure, saving nearly everyone on board. Immediately following the crash, he is hailed a hero but an investigation soon leads to questions that put the captain in a different light. This film is loosely inspired by the plane crash of Alaska Airlines Flight 261.

Principal photography began in October 2011 near Atlanta, Georgia and lasted over 45 days. It was largely shot on location, with visual effects and computer-generated imagery used to create the plane crash.

It received generally positive reviews from critics, with praise going to Zemeckis' direction and Washington's performance, Gatins' screenplay and themes. It was also a commercial success, grossing US$161.8 million against its US$31 million production budget. Flight was the first live-action film directed by Zemeckis since Cast Away and What Lies Beneath in 2000, and his first R-rated film since Used Cars in 1980.

The film appeared on multiple critics' year-end top ten lists and received multiple accolades and nominations from various organizations, including two nominations for Best Actor (Washington) and Best Original Screenplay (Gatins) at the 85th Academy Awards.


Airline pilot Captain Whip Whitaker uses cocaine to wake up after a sleepless night in his Orlando hotel room. He pilots SouthJet Flight 227 to Atlanta, which experiences severe turbulence at takeoff. Copilot Ken Evans takes over while Whip discreetly mixes vodka in his orange juice and takes a nap. He is jolted awake as the plane goes into a steep dive. Unable to regain control, Whip is forced to make a controlled crash landing in an open field, hitting his head and losing consciousness on impact.

Whip awakens in an Atlanta hospital with moderate injuries and is greeted by his old friend Charlie Anderson, who represents the airline's pilots union. He tells Whip that he managed to save 96 out of 102, losing two crew members and four passengers, but mentions his copilot is in a coma. Whip sneaks away for a cigarette and meets Nicole Maggen, a heroin addict recovering from a recent overdose in the same hospital. The next morning, his friend and drug dealer Harling Mays picks him up from the hospital.

Having retired to his late father's farm, Whip meets Charlie and attorney Hugh Lang, who explain that the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) performed a drug test while he was unconscious. Results showed that Whip was intoxicated during the flight. Hugh promises to get the toxicology report voided on technical grounds and succeeds. Whip visits and soon becomes intimate with Nicole but Whip's drinking habits clash with Nicole's attempts to stay drug-free. Later, he attends a funeral for Katerina, a flight attendant who died in the crash, and with whom Whip had spent the night before the incident. He sees a surviving crew member, Margaret, and asks her to tell the NTSB that he was sober.

Whip pays a visit to his copilot Ken Evans after he awakens from his coma. Evans has likely lost much of his ability to walk and may never pilot an airplane again. Although upset, Evans has no intention of telling the NTSB that Whip was drinking. Nicole decides to separate from Whip after he fails to stay sober. Hounding him, the media catches Whip drunk after he spontaneously drives to the home of his ex-wife and son, both of whom resent him. He stays with Charlie until the NTSB hearing, vowing not to drink. The night before the hearing, Charlie and Hugh move Whip to a guarded hotel room with no alcohol. Although his minibar is empty, he finds the door to an adjacent room unlocked and raids the minibar there.

Whip is discovered by Charlie the next morning, passed out and still drunk. Harling is called to revive him with cocaine. At the hearing, lead NTSB investigator Ellen Block explains that a damaged elevator assembly jackscrew was the primary cause of the crash. She commends Whip on his valor and skill, noting that no other pilot was able to land the plane in trial simulations of the crash. She then reveals that two empty vodka bottles were found in the plane's trash, despite beverages not being served to passengers, and that Whip's blood test was excluded for technical reasons. She then states the only other member of the crew to test positive for alcohol was Katerina. Whip pauses, unable to bring himself to blame Katerina for his actions. He collects himself and comes clean, admitting to being intoxicated the day of the crash; he also admits to currently being drunk.

Thirteen months later, an imprisoned Whip lecturing a support group of fellow inmates says he is glad to be sober and doesn't regret doing the right thing. Whip is seen looking at pictures of Nicole, family and friends on the wall of his cell, along with greeting cards congratulating him on his first anniversary of being sober. He is working to rebuild his relationship with his son, who visits to speak with him about a college application essay he's working on. It's about "the most fascinating person that I've never met". His son begins by asking, "Who are you?" As a plane flies overhead, Whip replies, "That's a good question".



In August 2009, Variety reported that Walt Disney Pictures and filmmaker Robert Zemeckis were negotiating to produce a 3Dcomputer-animatedremake of Yellow Submarine. Motion capture was to be used, as with Zemeckis' previous animated films The Polar Express (2004), Monster House (2006), Beowulf (2007) and A Christmas Carol (2009). Variety also indicated that Disney hoped to release the film in time for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.[4] Disney and Apple Corps officially announced the Yellow Submarine remake at the inaugural D23 Expo on 11 September 2009.[5]

Comedian Peter Serafinowicz was cast to voice Paul, Dean Lennox Kelly as John, Cary Elwes as George, Adam Campbell as Ringo and David Tennant as the Chief Blue Meanie.[6] California-based Beatles tribute bandthe Fab Four were then cast for performance-capture animation of the Beatles.[7][8]

In May 2010, Disney closed Zemeckis' digital film studio ImageMovers Digital after the unsatisfactory box-office performance of A Christmas Carol.[9] On 14 March 2011, Disney abandoned the project, citing the disastrous opening weekend results of Mars Needs Moms. Criticism toward motion-capture technology was also a factor.[9]

Zemeckis then entered negotiations to direct Flight in April 2011,[10] and by early June had accepted, with Denzel Washington about to finalize his own deal.[11] It was the first time that Zemeckis and Washington had worked together on a motion picture.

By mid-September 2011, Kelly Reilly was in negotiations to play the female lead,[12] with Don Cheadle,[13]Bruce Greenwood,[13] and John Goodman[14] joining later in the month, and Melissa Leo and James Badge Dale in final negotiations.[15] Screenwriter John Gatins said in early October 2011 that production would begin mid-month.[16]Flight was largely filmed on location near Atlanta, Georgia over 45 days in November 2011.[17] The film was produced with a relatively small budget of $31 million, which Zemeckis calculated to be his smallest in inflation-adjusted dollars since 1980, made possible because of tax rebates from Georgia and because Zemeckis and Washington waived their customary fees.[17]

Gatins explained in a 2012 interview with the Los Angeles Times that the dramatic fictional crash depicted in Flight was "loosely inspired" by the 2000 crash of Alaska Airlines Flight 261,[17] which was caused by a broken jackscrew. In that incident, an ungreased jackscrew came loose and caused a catastrophic failure from which recovery was impossible, though pilot Ted Thompson and first officer Bill Tansky were able to fly the plane inverted in the last moments of the flight. Among the captain's last words on the CVR were:

Okay we are inverted... Now we got to get it... Are we flying? We're flying... We're flying... Tell them what we're doing. At least upside down we're flying."[18]

The Alaska Airlines 261 crash had no survivors. The airplane in Flight, a two-engine T-tail jet airliner, appears to be from the same model family as was the plane involved in the Alaska Airlines 261 disaster, a variant of the MD-80. Many elements from the accident were used in the film, such as the cause of the accident, segments of the radio communication, and the inversion of the airplane.

Scroggins Aviation Mockup & Effects was hired to supply three decommissioned MD-80 series aircraft that represented the plane in the film, with additional MD-80-series aircraft used for scenes in the cabin and cockpit.[19][20]



Flight opened in 1,884 theaters across the US and Canada on November 2, 2012. In its first week, the film ranked second in the American box office, grossing US$24,900,566 with an average of US$13,217 per theater. Flight earned US$93,772,375 in the US and an additional US$68,000,000 in other countries for a total of US$161,772,375, well above its US$31 million production budget.[3]

Critical response[edit]

Flight received mostly positive reviews, and has an approval rating of 78% based on a sample of 236 critics on Rotten Tomatoes, with a weighted average of 6.90/10. The site's consensus states "Robert Zemeckis makes a triumphant return to live-action cinema with Flight, a thoughtful and provocative character study propelled by a compelling performance from Denzel Washington".[21]Metacritic gives the film a weighted average score of 76 out of 100 based on reviews from 40 critics.[22]

Washington's performance received praise. The Hollywood Reporter's Todd McCarthy wrote that the film "provides Denzel Washington with one of his meatiest, most complex roles, and he flies with it".[1]Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four out of four, writing "Flight segues into a brave and tortured performance by Denzel Washington—one of his very best. Not often does a movie character make such a harrowing personal journey that keeps us in deep sympathy all of the way." He also noted the plane's upside-down flight scene was "one of the most terrifying flight scenes I've ever witnessed" and called the film "nearly flawless".[23] Ebert went on to name the film the sixth best of 2012.[24] Although the film was not nominated for Best Picture, he later noted that it deserved to be. Entertainment Weekly wrote, "Denzel Washington didn't get an Oscar nod for nothing: His performance as an alcoholic airline pilot ensnared by his own heroics is crash-and-burn epic".[25]

The film received some criticism from pilots who questioned its realism, particularly the premise of a pilot being able to continue flying with a significant substance-abuse problem.[26] The Air Line Pilots' Association dismissed the film as an inaccurate portrayal of an air crew and stated that "we all enjoy being entertained, but a thrilling tale should not be mistaken for the true story of extraordinary safety and professionalism among airline pilots".[27] Airline pilot Patrick Smith also commented that "a real-life Whitaker wouldn't survive two minutes at an airline, and all commercial pilots—including, if not especially, those who've dealt with drug or alcohol addiction—should feel slandered by his ugly caricature".[28] The pilot also criticised the portrayal of the relationship between copilot and captain, the decision of Whitaker to increase speed dangerously in a storm, and the ultimate dive and crash landing of Whitaker's aircraft.[28]

Top ten lists[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Award Category Subject Result
Academy AwardBest ActorDenzel WashingtonNominated
Best Original ScreenplayJohn GatinsNominated
AACTA AwardsBest International ActorDenzel Washington Nominated
Art Directors Guild AwardExcellence in Production Design for a Contemporary FilmNelson CoatesNominated
Black Reel AwardBest FilmFlightNominated
Best ActorDenzel Washington Won
Best Supporting ActressTamara TunieNominated
Best EnsembleThe Cast of FlightNominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association AwardBest ActorDenzel Washington Nominated
Best Original ScreenplayJohn Gatins Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association AwardBest ActorDenzel Washington Nominated
Chicago International Film FestivalFounder's Award Robert ZemeckisWon
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association AwardBest ActorDenzel Washington Nominated
Golden Globe AwardBest Actor – Motion Picture DramaNominated
Hollywood Film FestivalSpotlight Award Kelly ReillyWon
NAACP Image AwardOutstanding Motion PictureFlightNominated
Outstanding ActorDenzel Washington Won
Outstanding Supporting ActorDon CheadleNominated
Outstanding Writing in a Motion Picture John Gatins Nominated
National Board of ReviewSpotlight Award John Goodman, also for Argo, ParaNorman, and Trouble with the CurveWon
Online Film Critics Society AwardBest ActorDenzel Washington Nominated
Palm Springs International Film Festival AwardDirector of the Year Robert Zemeckis Won
Satellite AwardBest Actor – Motion PictureDenzel Washington Nominated
Best Supporting Actor – Motion PictureJohn Goodman Nominated
Best Screenplay, Original John Gatins Nominated
Best Visual Effects Jim Gibbs, Kevin Baillie, Michael Lantieri and Ryan Tudhope Won
Best EditingJeremiah O'Driscoll Nominated
Best Sound (Editing & Mixing) Dennis Leonard, Dennis Sands, Randy Thom and William Kaplan Nominated
Screen Actors Guild AwardOutstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading RoleDenzel Washington Nominated
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics AssociationBest Actor Nominated
Best Scene (favorite movie scene or sequence) The plane crash Nominated
Visual Effects SocietyOutstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Feature Motion Picture Kevin Ballie, Michael Lantieri, Chris Stoski, Ryan Tudhope Nominated
Washington DC Area Film Critics Association AwardBest Actor Denzel Washington Nominated
Writers Guild of America AwardBest Original ScreenplayJohn Gatins Nominated

See also[edit]


  1. ^ abMcCarthy, Todd (October 15, 2012). "Flight: New York Film Festival Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  2. ^Horn, John (October 20, 2012). "How the movie 'Flight' got off the ground". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
  3. ^ ab"Flight". boxofficemojo.com. Box Office Mojo.
  4. ^Fleming, Michael. "Disney, Zemeckis to board 'Submarine'". Variety, 19 August 2009.
  5. ^"Animation News Discussion Cartoon Community – toonzone news". News.toonzone.net. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
  6. ^"Peter Serafinowicz IS Paul McCartney!". Empire. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
  7. ^Kreps, Daniel (12 January 2010). "Actors, Tribute Band Cast as Beatles in Zemeckis' "Yellow Submarine" Remake". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  8. ^Hall, Russell (13 January 2010). "Main Cast Selected For Beatles' Yellow Submarine Remake". gibson.com. Archived from the original on 3 June 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
  9. ^ abKit, Borys. Disney torpedoes Zemeckis' "Yellow Submarine"The Hollywood Reporter (14 March 2011).
  10. ^Kit, Borys (April 20, 2011). "Robert Zemeckis in Talks for Live-Action 'Flight' With Denzel Washington Circling". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
  11. ^Zeitchik, Steven (June 3, 2011). "Robert Zemeckis finally looks to take 'Flight'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
  12. ^White, James (September 13, 2011). "Kelly Reilly Takes Flight". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
  13. ^ abMorris, Clint (September 22, 2011). "Exclusive: Cheadle, Greenwood join Zemeckis's Flight". Moviehole.com. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
  14. ^Fleming, Mike (September 28, 2011). "John Goodman Boards Robert Zemeckis' Flight With Denzel Washington". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
  15. ^Kit, Borys (September 30, 2011). "Melissa Leo, James Badge Dale Booking 'Flight' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
  16. ^Warner, Kara (October 5, 2011). "Denzel Washington's "Flight" Is 12 Years In The Making". MTV. Retrieved November 7, 2011.
  17. ^ abcHorn, John (21 October 2012). "How the movie 'Flight' became airborne". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 28 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
  18. ^"Aircraft Accident Report, Loss of Control and Impact with Pacific Ocean Alaska Airlines Flight 261 McDonnell Douglas MD-83, N963AS About 2.7 Miles [4.3 km] North of Anacapa Island, California, January 31, 2000"(PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. December 30, 2002. NTSB/AAR-02/01. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  19. ^Flight used a former American Airlines MD-82, N442AA, the main fuselage for the crash mock-up, a more complete nose for filming, and a former Delta Air Lines MD-88, N901DL, and for on stage work, a former Continental Airlines MD-82, N16807. "'Flight' the Movie". Airliner World Magazine. No. April 2013.
  20. ^"Filming Hollywood's Flights of Fantasy, by Christine Negroni". Airways. January 7, 2013 – via Airways Magazine.
  21. ^Flight at Rotten TomatoesFandango
  22. ^"Flight". Metacritic. CBS.
  23. ^Ebert, Roger. "Roger Ebert Flight review". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  24. ^Ebert, Roger. "Ebert's Top Movies of 2012". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  25. ^Entertainment Weekly Staff (February 8, 2013). "The Must List". Entertainment Weekly. New York: Time Inc.: 8.
  26. ^Smith, Patrick (November 18, 2012). "Real Pilots Laugh at 'Flight'". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on November 27, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  27. ^ALPA News Release. Alpa.org (October 31, 2012). Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  28. ^ abReal Pilots Laugh At ‘Flight’. The Daily Beast (November 18, 2012). Retrieved July 13, 2013.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flight_(2012_film)
Flight - Movie Review

Snakes on a Plane

For the Cobra Starship song, see Snakes on a Plane (Bring It).

2006 film by David R. Ellis

Snakes on a Plane is a 2006 American action film[2] directed by David R. Ellis and starring Samuel L. Jackson. It was released by New Line Cinema on August 18, 2006, in North America. The film was written by David Dalessandro, John Heffernan, and Sebastian Gutierrez and follows the events of hundreds of snakes being released on a passenger plane in an attempt to kill a trial witness.

The film gained a considerable amount of attention before its release, forming large fanbases online and becoming an Internet phenomenon, due to the film's title, casting, and premise. In response to the Internet fan base, New Line Cinema incorporated feedback from online users into its production, and added five days of reshooting. Before and after the film was released, it was parodied and alluded to on television shows and films, fan-made videos, video games, and various forms of literature.

Released in the United States and United Kingdom on August 18, 2006, the film received mixed reviews. Despite the immense Internet buzz, the film's gross revenue did not live up to expectations, earning US$15.25 million in its opening weekend.[3][4] The film grossed US$62 million worldwide before its release on home video on January 2, 2007.


After witnessing a brutal murder instigated by Honolulu-based California gang boss Eddie Kim on prosecutor Daniel Hayes in Hawaii, Sean Jones is escorted by FBI agents Neville Flynn and John Sanders on a Boeing 747-400 to testify in a trial against Kim in Los Angeles. Despite increased security for the flight, Kim arranges for a time-release crate full of venomous snakes to be placed in the cargo hold in an attempt to bring down the plane before it reaches Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). To ensure the snakes indiscriminately attack everybody without the need for provocation, he has one of his henchmen disguised as an airport ground employee spray the passengers' leis with a special pheromone which makes the snakes highly aggressive. The crate opens midway through the flight and the snakes make their way through the cabin, with a viper attacking an electric panel in the process, thus shutting down the power. A couple having sex in a bathroom and a man using another bathroom are the first people killed. The plane's captain, Sam McKeon, investigates the power outage and fixes an electrical short, but is killed by the viper that caused it. Co-pilot Rick, unaware of the snakes, believes Sam has suffered a heart attack and continues toward LAX.

Some of the snakes attack Rick, and while fending them off he accidentally releases the oxygen masks throughout the plane, causing most of the snakes to drop into the cabin with them. Numerous passengers, including Agent Sanders, are killed when the snakes invade the cabin. The surviving passengers, who have made their way to the front of the plane, put up blockades of luggage in a desperate attempt to stop the snakes. Rick is attacked and the plane starts to dip downwards, causing a food trolley to crash through the luggage blockade. The passengers flee to the upstairs first class cabin before blocking the stairwell with an inflatable life raft. Flynn and flight attendant Claire regain control of the plane while Rick retakes the controls and has Flynn go into the cargo hold to restore the air conditioning/ventilation system. Flynn contacts FBI Special Agent Hank Harris on the ground, who gets in touch with ophiologist Dr. Steven Price, Customs' main source for animal smuggling cases. Based on pictures of the reptiles emailed to him via a passenger's mobile phone, Price believes a Los Angeles snake dealer known for illegally importing exotic and highly dangerous snakes to be responsible. After a shootout, a tactical interrogation occurs wherein the dealer is injured by a snakebite. With Harris withholding the antivenom, the dealer finally reveals that Kim hired him to obtain the snakes and adds how the latter managed to smuggle them on board the plane and make them aggressive. Price injects the injured dealer with the antivenom and commandeers his supply of antivenom for the victims on the plane based on the list given to him, while Harris gives orders to have Eddie Kim arrested and tried for death on multiple counts of murder and attempted murder.

Harris contacts Flynn, telling him that antivenom will be ready for the passengers when they land. However, Flynn discovers that the cockpit is filled with snakes and Rick is dead. After a brief discussion, Troy, Three Gs' bodyguard, agrees to land the plane based on experience playing a flight simulator. After everyone gets prepared, Flynn shoots out two windows with his pistol, causing the plane to depressurize. The snakes are blown out of the cockpit and the lower floor of the plane. Despite his lack of real-world experience, Troy makes an emergency landing and the plane makes it to the terminal. The passengers leave the plane and antivenom is given to those who need it. Just as Flynn and Sean are about to disembark the plane, a remaining snake jumps out and bites Sean in the chest. Flynn draws his gun and shoots the snake, and paramedics rush to Sean, who is unharmed, but traumatised, due to a ballistic vest he wore throughout the ordeal after his rescue from Kim's henchmen. As a token of gratitude, Sean later takes Flynn to Bali and teaches him how to surf.


  • Samuel L. Jackson as Agent Neville Flynn, an FBI agent assigned to protect Sean Jones on his flight to Los Angeles.
  • Julianna Margulies as Claire Miller, a flight attendant.
  • Nathan Phillips as Sean Jones, a surfer and dirtbike racer who witnesses a brutal murder committed by Eddie Kim.
  • Bobby Cannavale as Special Agent Henry "Hank" Harris, Flynn's contact in Los Angeles.
  • Flex Alexander as Clarence "Three Gs" Dewey, a germophobic famous rapper.
  • Todd Louiso as Dr. Steven Price, a snake venom expert assigned by the FBI to communicate with Flynn.
  • Sunny Mabrey as Tiffany, a flight attendant who develops a crush on Sean.
  • Kenan Thompson as Troy, Clarence's bodyguard.
  • Terry Chen as Chen Leung, a professional kickboxer and a passenger.
  • Rachel Blanchard as Mercedes Harbont, a socialite passenger who brings her pet Chihuahua Mary-Kate aboard.
  • Bruce James as Ken, an eccentric flight attendant.
  • Lin Shaye as Grace, the senior flight attendant who acts as the flight's purser.
  • David Koechner as Richard "Rick", Captain McKeon's co-pilot.
  • Elsa Pataky as Maria, a passenger traveling with her infant daughter Isabella.
  • Keith Dallas as Big Leroy, Clarence's bodyguard.
  • Mark Houghton as Agent John Sanders, Flynn's colleague assigned to protect Sean Jones.
  • Tom Butler as Captain Samuel "Sam" McKeon, the captain of the plane.
  • Byron Lawson as Eddie Kim, a crime syndicate leader.
  • Taylor Kitsch as Kyle, a young man who boards the plane with his girlfriend.
  • Samantha McLeod as Kelly, a young woman who boards the plane with her boyfriend.
  • Kevin McNulty as Emmett Bradley, an air traffic tower controller.


The story is credited to David Dalessandro, a University of Pittsburgh administrator and first-time Hollywood writer. He developed the concept in 1992 after reading a nature magazine article about Indonesian brown tree snakes climbing onto planes in cargo during World War II. He originally wrote the screenplay about the brown tree snake loose on a plane, titling the film Venom.[5] He soon revised it, expanding upon the premise to include a plague of assorted venomous snakes, then—crediting the film Aliens—revised it once again to include "lots of them loose in the fuselage of a plane."[6] Dalessandro's third draft of Venom was turned down by more than 30 Hollywood studios in 1995. In 1999, a producer for MTV/Paramount showed interest in the script, followed up by New Line Cinema, which took over the rights for production.

Originally, the film, under the working title "Snakes on a Plane", was going to be directed by Hong Kong action director Ronny Yu.[5] Jackson, who had previously worked with Yu on The 51st State, learned about the announced project in the Hollywood trade newspapers and, after talking to Yu, agreed to sign on without reading the script based on the director, storyline, and the title.[7] Initially New Line did not believe that Jackson had actually signed on to the project and had to call his agent to clarify.[8] Jackson would later defend his choice of starring in the movie by stating "it was the kind of movie I would have gone to see when I was a kid"[8] further clarifying "I feel sorry for all those people that are going through that whole trip of ‘Why would Samuel Jackson do something like this?’ and ‘It’s lowbrow.’ It's a movie. People go to movies on Saturday to get away from the war in Iraq and taxes and election news and pedophiles online and just go and have some fun and I like doing movies that are fun.” [8]

The film's B movie-esque title generated a lot of pre-release interest on the Internet. One journalist wrote that Snakes on a Plane is "perhaps the most internet-hyped film of all time".[9] Much of the initial publicity came from a blog entry made by screenwriter Josh Friedman, who had been offered a chance to work on the script.[10] The casting of Samuel L. Jackson further increased anticipation. At one point, the film was given the title Pacific Air Flight 121, only to have it changed back to the working title at Samuel Jackson's request.[11] In August 2005, Samuel Jackson told an interviewer, "We're totally changing that back. That's the only reason I took the job: I read the title."[12] On March 2, 2006, the studio reverted the title to Snakes on a Plane.[13] New Line hired two additional writers to smooth out the screenplay.[6]

Taking advantage of the Internet buzz for what had been a minor film in their 2006 line-up, New Line Cinema ordered five days of additional shooting in early March 2006 (principal photography had wrapped in September 2005).[14] While re-shoots normally imply problems with a film, the producers opted to add new scenes to the film to change the MPAA rating from PG-13 to R and bring it in line with growing fan expectations. The most notable addition was a revision of a catchphrase from the film that was parodied on the Internet by fans of the film, capitalizing on Samuel L. Jackson's typically foul-mouthed and violent film persona: "Enough is enough! I have had it with these motherfucking snakes on this motherfucking plane!".[5] Subsequently, the public responded favorably to this creative change and marketing strategy, leading some members of the press to speculate that "the movie has grown from something of a joke into a phenomenon".[5][15][16][17]

More than 450 snakes were used for filming to represent 30 different species of snakes.[18] The different species include a 19-foot (5.8 m) Burmese python named Kitty (which the crew called Kong for film purposes), scarlet kingsnake (the non-venomous double for the eastern coral snake), milk snake, corn snakes, rattlesnakes, and mangrove snakes. The scarlet kingsnake and Pueblan milk snake stood in for coral snakes, while another species of milk snake and Florida kingsnake filled the role of the venomous Australian taipan (which attacks the couple having sex and the man using a restroom respectively).[19] About two-thirds of the snakes seen throughout the film were either animatronic or CGI.[19] The snakes that were real were mostly the non-venomous ones that are never seen attacking anyone. The scenes where someone is clearly bitten were often done with a mix of animatronic and animation. According to the DVD, all the snakes had production names, but only Scarface (an animated pit viper), Peanut (a cobra), and Kong are mentioned by name in the audio commentary. During filming, Samuel Jackson did not come into contact with any live snakes, due to a contract clause preventing snakes from being within 8 m (25 ft) of the actor.[5] When the film was released in theaters, "pranksters" released two live western diamondback rattlesnakes at the AMC Desert Ridge 18 theater in Phoenix, Arizona during a showing of the film on August 22, 2006. One snake made its way into the lobby of the theater on its own, the other was found in the parking lot. No one was harmed and the snakes were released back into the desert.[20]

Media coverage[edit]

A man is sitting in a director's chair on a stage with two partially cropped out people sitting in the same type of chair on his left and right. The man is speaking into a microphone he is holding and is wearing tennis shoes, blue jeans, a black T-shirt with the film's poster image on it, sunglasses, and a white hat. In the background is a patterned design with the logo for Comic-Con.
Samuel L. Jackson promoting the film at Comic-Conconvention in July 2006


An illustrated book from Thunder's Mouth Press, Snakes on a Plane: The Guide to the Internet Ssssssensation by David Waldon, details the Internet phenomenon and was published July 28, 2006. Waldon details various viral videos relating to the film's craze, and interviewed their producers to find out what about the film captured their attention.[21]


On March 16, 2006, New Line Cinema announced a contest on TagWorld and a website promoting the film.[22][23] The contest allowed artists on TagWorld to have their music featured in the film. A flood of SoaP-themed songs were submitted by artists such as Captain Ahab (who ultimately won the contest), Louden Swain, the Former Fat Boys, Nispy, and others. In addition, a music video for the film, "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" by Cobra Starship, was released on July 10, 2006 on MTV2's Unleashed. The music video appeared on the film's soundtrack as well as during the film's closing credits.

In October 2005, Nathanial Perry and Chris Rohan recorded an audio trailer spoof, which helped fuel the Internet buzz. Perry and Rohan recorded the "motherfucking snakes" line in the audio trailer which was added to the film during the week of re-shoots. In July 2006, New Line Cinema signed a worldwide licensing agreement with the Cutting Corporation to produce an audiobook of the film.[24]


On August 15, 2006, Samuel L. Jackson guest featured on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, opening with the film's catchphrase. Keith Olbermann featured stories about the film and Internet buzz several times on his MSNBC news program Countdown. In addition, G4's Attack of the Show! featured a semi-regular segment entitled "Snakes on a Plane: An Attack of the Show Investigation", and had a week dedicated to the film which included interviews and the appearance of hundreds of snakes on set.[25]


Snakes on a Plane generated considerable buzz on the Internet after Josh Friedman's blog entry[10] and mentions on several Internet portals. The title inspired bloggers to create songs, apparel, poster art, pages of fan fiction, parody films, mock movie trailers, and short film parody competitions.[26][27] On July 6, 2006, the official Snakes on a Plane website started a promotional sweepstakes called "The #1 Fan King Cobra Sweepstakes". The contest made innovative use of the publicity-generating potential of the Internet, requiring contestants to post links on forums, blogs, and websites and collecting votes from the users of those sites.

Many of the early fan-made trailers and later other viral videos and commercials circulated via YouTube, and captured media attention there with such titles as: Cats on a Plane (which was featured in Joel Siegel's review of Snakes on a Plane on Good Morning America), Snakes Who Missed the Plane, All Your Snakes Are Belong To Us (a spoof of the All your base are belong to us phenomenon), Steaks on a Train,[27] and Badgers on a Plane (a spoof of "Badger Badger Badger"). Several websites also held contests about the film in fan-submitted short films and posters.

In August 2006, Varitalk launched an advertising campaign in which fans could send a semi-personalized message in Samuel Jackson's voice to telephone numbers of their choosing.[28] Within the first week, over 1.5 million calls were sent to participants.[28]


In June 2006, New Line commissioned famed UK audio-visual film remixers and chop-up artists Addictive TV to cut and sampleSnakes on a Plane to create trailers for the U.S. television networks. The official teaser trailer premiered before X-Men: The Last Stand, and the first official trailer appeared online on June 26, 2006.[27] Another trailer circulated in July 2006, showing several of the snake attacks and a missing pilot and co-pilot. Rotten Tomatoes had video clips of the official trailers, as well as fan-made trailers.[29]

During a July 21, 2006 panel discussion at the Comic-Con Convention in San Diego, California, a preview clip from the film was shown to a crowd of more than 6,500 people. The panel included actors Samuel L. Jackson and Kenan Thompson, director David R. Ellis, and snake-handler Jules Sylvester.[30]


"No movie shall triumph over Snakes on a Plane. Unless I happen to feel like making a movie called More Motherfucking Snakes on More Motherfucking Planes."

—Samuel L. Jackson, joking that the film would win the MTV Movie Award for "Best Film" in 2007[13]

Snakes on a Plane debuted on August 18, 2006. The film opened in 3,555 theaters and had some late-night screenings on August 17. In a move meant to exploit the attention from the film, a straight-to-DVD Z-movie horror film with a supernatural twist, Snakes on a Train, was released on August 15, 2006, three days before the film's theatrical release.[31]

Critical response[edit]

New Line Cinema did not screen the film for critics.[32] As of July 2021[update], review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 69% based on 177 reviews, with an average score of 6.20/10. The consensus reads: "Snakes on a Plane lives up to its title, featuring snakes on a plane. It isn't perfect, but then again, it doesn't need to be."[29] On Metacritic, which uses a weighted average rating system out of 100, the film earned a score of 58 based on 31 reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[33] Reviewers reported audiences cheering, applauding, and engaging in "call and response", noting that audience participation was an important part of the film's appeal.[34][35]

The Arizona Republic's Randy Cordova gave the film a positive review, calling the film "... an exploitation flick that knows what it wants to do, and it gets the job done expertly." and a "... Mecca for B-movie lovers."[36] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle enjoyed the film, asking his readers "... if you can find a better time at the movies this year than this wild comic thriller, let me in on it."[37]Boston Globe reviewer Ty Burr reacted to Samuel L. Jackson's performance by saying he "... bestrides this film with the authority of someone who knows the value of honest bilge. He's as much the auteur of this baby as the director and screenwriters, and that fierce glimmer in his eye is partly joy."[38]

Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film one and a half stars out of four, saying that "after all the Internet hype about those motherfuckin' snakes on that motherfuckin' plane, the flick itself is a murky stew of shock effects repeated so often that the suspense quickly droops along with your eyelids."[39] David Denby of The New Yorker claimed that the film "... may mark a new participatory style in marketing, but it still gulls an allegedly knowing audience with the pseudo-morality of yesteryear."[40]

Film critic and radio hostMichael Medved criticized New Line Cinema for agreeing to re-shoot scenes so that the film would receive an R rating from the Motion Picture Association of America to match fan expectations.[41][42] He argued that the film would have grossed more revenue at the box office with a PG-13 rating, stating that the demographic most likely to be drawn to a movie titled Snakes on a Plane is males between the ages of 12 and 15. "My fourteen-year-old son, Danny, for instance, felt a powerful inclination to go out and see the movie with his two sleep-over friends this Sunday night," he explained, "but I wouldn't permit it. It's rated R for good reason."[43] Medved ultimately awarded the film 2 1/2 stars out of 4 in a radio review, but said that he did so "grudgingly."[44]

Box office[edit]

Due to the Internet hype surrounding the film, industry analysts estimated that the film's opening box office would be between US$20-30 million.[4] While Snakes on a Plane did narrowly beat Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby for the number one position during its opening weekend, it did not meet these estimates and grossed only $15.25 million in its opening days, a disappointment for New Line Cinema.[3] In its second weekend, the film fell to sixth place with $6.4 million, a more than fifty percent drop from its opening weekend revenue.[45][46][47] By the end of its theatrical run, the film grossed $62,022,014 worldwide.[1]

Robert K. Shaye, the founder of New Line, stated that he was "disappointed" that Snakes on a Plane was a "dud" despite "higher expectations".[48] The press declared that Snakes on a Plane was a "box office disappointment",[3][4] with The New York Times reporting that after all the "hype online, Snakes on a Plane is letdown at box office"[3] and Entertainment Weekly reporting that the film was an "internet-only phenomenon."[4]

Home media[edit]

Snakes on a Plane released on DVD December 26, 2006 in Region 2; December 28, 2006 in Region 4; and January 2, 2007 in Region 1. The DVD features commentaries, deleted and extended scenes, several featurettes, Cobra Starship's music video, and trailers. The U.S. Blu-ray was released on September 29, 2009.[49]

TV version[edit]

The film received further attention when fans noticed the U.S. TV edit of the film purposely dubbed over foul language, replacing it with bowdlerized words for family audiences. An example is Samuel L. Jackson's line toward the end of the film, "I have had it with these motherfuckin' snakes on this motherfuckin' plane!", which is replaced with "I have had it with these monkey-fighting snakes on this Monday-to-Friday plane!".[50][51][52]


Black Flame published the novelization of the film, written by Christa Faust.[53] The 405–page novel contains significant backstories for the characters and introduces other characters that were not featured in the film.[54] Comic book writer Chuck Dixon wrote a comic book adaptation of the film. DC Comics released the two-issue miniseries on August 16, 2006 and September 27, 2006 under their Wildstorm imprint.[55]


The soundtrack for the film was released on August 15, 2006. The enhanced portion of the CD contains what was considered the "best of the best" of the amateur Internet creations inspired by the film, including the songs "Snakes on the Brain" by Captain Ahab and "Here Come the Snakes (Seeing Is Believing)" by Louden Swain. The single "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" peaked at the 32nd position of Billboard's Hot Modern Rock Tracks in 2006.[58]

  1. "Snakes on a Plane (Bring It)" by Cobra Starship, William Beckett, Maja Ivarsson, Travie McCoy
  2. "The Only Difference Between Martyrdom and Suicide Is Press Coverage" (Tommie Sunshine Brooklyn Fire Remix) by Panic! at the Disco
  3. "Black Mamba" (Teddybears Remix) by The Academy Is...
  4. "Ophidiophobia" by Cee-Lo Green
  5. "Can't Take It" (The Baldwin Brothers "El Camino Prom Wagon" Remix) by The All-American Rejects
  6. "Queen of Apology" (Patrick Stump Remix) by The Sounds
  7. "Of All the Gin Joints in All the World" (Tommie Sunshine's Brooklyn Fire Retouch) by Fall Out Boy
  8. "New Friend Request" (Hi-Tek Remix) by Gym Class Heroes
  9. "Around the Horn" (Louis XIV Remix) by The Bronx
  10. "Remember to Feel Real" (Machine Shop Remix) by Armor for Sleep
  11. "Wine Red" (Tommie Sunshine's Brooklyn Fire Retouch) by The Hush Sound
  12. "Bruised" (Remix) by Jack's Mannequin
  13. "Final Snakes" by Shranky Drank
  14. "Wake Up" (Acoustic) by Coheed and Cambria
  15. "Lovely Day" by Donavon Frankenreiter
  16. "Hey Now Now" by Michael Franti & Spearhead
  17. "Snakes on a Plane - The Theme" (Score) by Trevor Rabin

See also[edit]


  1. ^ abc"Snakes on a Plane (2006)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  2. ^Synopsis by Mark Deming (2006-08-18). "Snakes on a Plane (2006) - David R. Ellis | Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related". AllMovie. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  3. ^ abcdWaxman, Sharon (August 21, 2006). "After Hype Online, "Snakes on a Plane" Is Letdown at Box Office". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  4. ^ abcdRich, Joshua (August 20, 2006). "Oh Sssssnap! (Snakes doesn't have much bite)". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 22, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  5. ^ abcdeJensen, Jeff (August 4, 2006). "Kicking Asp". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 19, 2008. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  6. ^ abHayes, John (August 16, 2006). "'Snakes on a Plane' scares up a following based on Hollywood's frightful track record". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on February 5, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  7. ^Tyrangiel, Josh (April 24, 2006). "Snakes on Samuel L. Jackson". Time. Archived from the original on June 15, 2006. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
  8. ^ abcTopel, Fred (2006-08-16). "Interview: Samuel L. Jackson". Cinemablend. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  9. ^Brown, Mark (August 18, 2006). "Snakes on a Plane leaves critics flying blind". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  10. ^ abFriedman, Josh (August 17, 2005). "I find your lack of faith disturbing: Snakes on a Motherfucking Plane". Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  11. ^Wloszczyna, Susan (April 18, 2006). "'Snakes on a Plane' sssssssays it all". USA Today. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  12. ^"'Snakes on a Plane': The Cult". Internet Movie Database. April 12, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  13. ^ abHomer, Chris (August 17, 2006). "'Snakes' inspires laughs, not fear". RedandBlack.com. Archived from the original on May 18, 2009. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  14. ^Borys, Kit (March 24, 2006). "Fan frenzy for 'Snakes' is on a different plane". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 31, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  15. ^Honeycutt, Kirk (August 21, 2006). "Snakes on a Plane". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 12, 2007. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  16. ^Loder, Kurt (August 18, 2006). "Snakes on a Plane: Wild Fang". MTV Movies. Archived from the original on May 5, 2008. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  17. ^Pearlman, Cindy (August 13, 2006). "Kicking Asp: Jackson is fed up with snakes". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  18. ^Carle, Chris (2006-07-22). "Comic-Con 2006: Snakes on a Plane Panel". Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  19. ^ abLovgren, Stefan. ""Snakes on a Plane": Behind the Scenes With the Movie's Snake Wrangler". National Geographic. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
  20. ^"Rattlers freed in 'Snakes on a Plane' theater prank". Red Orbit. Reuters. August 22, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  21. ^Waldon, David (2006). Snakes on a Plane: The Guide to the Internet Ssssssensation. Thunder's Mouth. ISBN .
  22. ^"TagWorld and New Line Cinema Team for Snakes on a Plane Soundtrack Contest". March 16, 2006. Archived from the original(PDF) on July 17, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  23. ^"TagWorld :: snakesonaplane's - Home". Archived from the original on March 25, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  24. ^"Snakes on a Plane in GraphicAudio". Graphic Audio. Archived from the original on May 17, 2007. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  25. ^"Snakes on a Plane, X-Games". TV.com. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  26. ^"(Blanks) on a (Blank): A Filmmaking Challenge Inspired by "Snakes on a Plane". Archived from the original on 2008-05-06. Retrieved October 19, 2009.
  27. ^ abcRobischon, Noah (August 22, 2006). ""Snakes On A Plane" comes to life on the Internet". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 8, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  28. ^ abLeo, Alexandra (August 15, 2006). "If Samuel L. Jackson Called, Would You See His Movie?". Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  29. ^ ab"Snakes on a Plane". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  30. ^Matheson, Whitney (July 22, 2006). "Can't stop the 'Snakes'". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 28, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  31. ^Leydon, Joe (August 18, 2006). "Snakes on a Train". Variety. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  32. ^Arnold, William (August 17, 2006). "Fewer movies are being prescreened for critics — and that's a good thing". Seattle Post Intelligencer. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  33. ^"Snakes on a Plane". Metacritic. CBS. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  34. ^Gonsalves, Rob (August 18, 2006). "Snakes on a Plane". EFilm Critic. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  35. ^Seymour, Gene. "Snakes on a Plane". Newsday. Archived from the original on February 5, 2008. Retrieved October 19, 2009.
  36. ^Cordova, Randy (August 19, 2006). "Snakes on a Plane". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  37. ^LaSalle, Mick (August 18, 2006). "Get ready for a wild ride with 'Snakes on a Plane'". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  38. ^Burr, Ty (August 18, 2006). ""Snakes" as bad as it wants to be, and that's good". Boston Globe. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  39. ^Travers, Peter (August 18, 2006). "Snakes on a Plane". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  40. ^Denby, David (August 18, 2006). "Disasters". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  41. ^Medved, Michael (August 22, 2006). "Bomb on a plane". Townhall.com. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
  42. ^Driscoll, Ed (August 22, 2006). "Why Snakes "R" DOA". PJMedia.com. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
  43. ^Medved, Michael (August 22, 2006). "Why "Snakes on a Plane" crashed". Townhall. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
  44. ^Medved, Michael (August 18, 2006). "Snakes on a Plane". Townhall.com. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
  45. ^Ngo, Binh (August 27, 2006). "Box Office Wrapup: "Invincible" Scores #1 Opening". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on February 5, 2008. Retrieved October 19, 2009.
  46. ^"Snakes on a Plane (2006)". Box Office Mojo. August 27, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  47. ^Rich, Joshua (August 28, 2006). "Box Office Report: Touchdown!". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  48. ^Waxman, Sharon (February 19, 2007). "For New Line, an Identity Crisis". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  49. ^McCutcheon, David. "Snakes on a Delayed Flight". IGN. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
  50. ^Dr. Winston O'Boogie (April 25, 2009). "Video: Snakes on a Plane (The TV Edit)".
  51. ^"LOL: Snakes on a Plane - The Television Edit – /Film". Slashfilm.com. 2009-04-20. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  52. ^"MovieTome: Movie Reviews - DVD Releases - Movie Trailers". Archived from the original on 2009-04-22. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  53. ^Chavez, Donna (December 3, 2007). "PW talks with Christa Faust: smoking in the boys' room". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  54. ^Faust, Christa (2006). Snakes on a Plane. Black Flame. ISBN .
  55. ^Weiland, Johan (June 14, 2006). "Wildstorm/Chuck Dixon do "Snakes On A Plane" Comic". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 11, 2009.
  56. ^Apar, Corey. "Snakes on a Plane: The Album". Allmusic. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
  57. ^Juon, Steve. "Snakes on a Plane: The Album". RapReviews. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
  58. ^"Hot Modern Rock Tracks". Billboard.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snakes_on_a_Plane

Wikipedia flight movie

In-flight entertainment

IFE control integrated in an armrest

In-flight entertainment (IFE) refers to the entertainment available to aircraft passengers during a flight. In 1936, the airship Hindenburg offered passengers a piano, lounge, dining room, smoking room, and bar during the 2+1⁄2-day flight between Europe and America.[1] After World War II, IFE was delivered in the form of food and drink services, along with an occasional projector movie during lengthy flights. In 1985 the first personal audio player was offered to passengers, along with noise cancelling headphones in 1989.[2] During the 1990s, the demand for better IFE was a major factor in the design of aircraft cabins. Before then, the most a passenger could expect was a movie projected on a screen at the front of a cabin, which could be heard via a headphone socket at his or her seat. Now, in most aircraft, private IFE TV screens are offered.

Design issues for IFE include system safety, cost efficiency, software reliability, hardware maintenance, and user compatibility.

The in-flight entertainment on board airlines is frequently managed by content service providers.


The first in-flight film screened during the 1921 Parade of Progress Exposition in Chicago
Movie screening in a DC-8of SAS, 1968

The first in-flight movie was in 1921 on Aeromarine Airways, showing a film called Howdy Chicago to its passengers as the amphibious airplane flew around Chicago.[3] The film The Lost World was shown to passengers of an Imperial Airways flight in April 1925 between London (Croydon Airport) and Paris.[4]

Eleven years later, in 1932, the first in-flight television called 'media event' was shown on a Western Air Express Fokker F.10 aircraft.[3]

The post-WWII British Bristol Brabazon airliner was initially specified with a 37-seat cinema within its huge fuselage; this was later reduced to a 23-seat cinema sharing the rear of the aircraft with a lounge and cocktail bar. The aircraft never entered service.[5]

However, it was not until the 1960s that in-flight entertainment (other than reading, sitting in a lounge and talking, or looking out the window) was becoming mainstream and popular. In 1961, David Flexer of Inflight Motion Pictures developed the 16mm film system using a 25-inch reel for a wide variety of commercial aircraft. Capable of holding the entire film, and mounted horizontally to maximize space, this replaced the previous 30-inch-diameter film reels. In 1961, TWA committed to Flexer's technology and was first to debut a feature film in flight.[3] Interviewed by the New Yorker in 1962, Mr Flexner said, "an awful lot of ingenuity has gone into this thing, which started from my simply thinking one day, in flight, that air travel is both the most advanced form of transportation and the most boring.”[6] Amerlon Productions, a subsidiary of Inflight, produced at least one film, Deadlier Than the Male, specifically for use on airplanes. Pakistan International Airlines was the first international airline to introduce this entertainment system showing a regularly scheduled film on board in the year 1962.[7][8]

In 1963, Avid Airline Products developed and manufactured the first pneumatic headset used on board the airlines and provided these early headsets to TWA. These early systems consisted of in-seat audio that could be heard with hollow tube headphones.[3] In 1979, pneumatic headsets were replaced by electronic headsets. The electronic headsets were initially available only on selected flights and premium cabins, whereas economy class still had to make do with the old pneumatic headsets.[citation needed] In the United States, the last airline to offer pneumatic headphones was Delta Air Lines, which switched to electronic headphones in 2003, despite the fact that all Delta aircraft since 1982, when the Boeing 767-200 was adopted, have included jacks for electronic headphones.

Throughout the early to mid-1960s, some in-flight movies were played back from videotape, using early compact transistorized videotape recorders made by Sony (such as the SV-201 and PV-201) and Ampex (such as the VR-660 and VR-1500), and played back on CRT monitors mounted on the upper sides in the cabin above the passenger seats with several monitors placed a few seats apart from each other. The audio was played back through the headsets.

In 1971, TRANSCOM developed the 8mm film cassette. Flight attendants could now change movies in-flight and add short subject programming.

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, CRT-based projectors began to appear on newer widebody aircraft, such as the Boeing 767. These used LaserDiscs or video cassettes for playback. Some airlines upgraded the old film IFE systems to the CRT-based systems in the late 1980s and early 1990s on some of their older widebodies. In 1985, Avicom introduced the first audio player system, based on the Philips Tape Cassette technology. In 1988, the Airvision company introduced the first in-seat audio/video on-demand systems using 2.7 inches (69 mm) LCD technology for Northwest Airlines.[citation needed] The trials, which were run by Northwest Airlines on its Boeing 747 fleet, received overwhelmingly positive passenger reaction. As a result, this completely replaced the CRT technology.[citation needed]

Today, in-flight entertainment is offered as an option on almost all wide body aircraft, while some narrow body aircraft are not equipped with any form of in-flight entertainment at all. This is mainly due to the aircraft storage and weight limits. The Boeing 757 was the first narrow body aircraft to widely feature both audio and video in-flight entertainment and today it is rare to find a Boeing 757 without an in-flight entertainment system. Most Boeing 757s feature ceiling-mounted CRT screens, although some newer 757s may feature drop-down LCDs or audio-video on demand systems in the back of each seat. Many Airbus A320 series and Boeing 737 Next Generation aircraft are also equipped with drop-down LCD screens. Some airlines, such as WestJet, United Airlines, and Delta Air Lines, have equipped some narrow body aircraft with personal video screens at every seat. Others, such as Air Canada and JetBlue, have even equipped some regional jets with VOD.

For the introduction of personal TVs on board jetBlue, company management tracked that lavatory queuing went far down. They originally had two planes, one with functioning IFE and one with none; the functioning one later was called "the happy plane".[9]

System safety and regulation[edit]

One major obstacle in creating an in-flight entertainment system is system safety. With the sometimes miles of wiring involved, voltage leaks and arcing become a problem. This is of more than theoretical concern. The IFE system was implicated in the crash of Swissair Flight 111 in 1998. To contain any possible issues, the in-flight entertainment system is typically isolated from the main systems of the aircraft. In the United States, for a product to be considered safe and reliable, it must be certified by the FAA and pass all of the applicable requirements found in the Federal Aviation Regulations. The concerning section, or title, dealing with the aviation industry and the electronic systems embedded in the aircraft, is CFR title 14 part 25. Contained inside Part 25 are rules relating to the aircraft's electronic system.[10]

There are two major sections of the FAA's airworthiness regulations that regulate flight entertainment systems and their safety in transport category aircraft: 14 CFR 25.1301 which approves the electronic equipment for installation and use, by assuring that the system in question is properly labeled, and that its design is appropriate to its intended function.[11] 14 CFR 25.1309 states that the electrical equipment must not alter the safety or functionality of the aircraft upon the result of a failure.[12] One way for the intended IFE system to meet this regulatory requirement is for it to be independent from the aircraft's main power source and processor. By separating the power supplies and data links from that of the aircraft's performance processor, in the event of a failure the system is self-contained, and can not alter the functionality of the aircraft. Upon a showing of compliance to all of the applicable U.S. regulations the in-flight entertainment system is capable of being approved in the United States. Certain U.S. design approvals for IFE may be directly accepted in other countries, or may be capable of being validated, under existing bilateral airworthiness safety agreements.

Cost efficiency[edit]

The companies involved are in a constant battle to cut costs of production, without cutting the system's quality and compatibility. Cutting production costs may be achieved by anything from altering the housing for personal televisions, to reducing the amount of embedded software in the in-flight entertainment processor. Difficulties with cost are also present with the customers, or airlines, looking to purchase in-flight entertainment systems. Most in-flight entertainment systems are purchased by existing airlines as an upgrade package to an existing fleet of aircraft. This cost can be anywhere from $2 million to $5 million for a plane to be equipped with a set of seat back LCD monitors and an embedded IFE system.[13] Some of the IFE systems are being purchased already installed in a new aircraft, such as the Airbus A320,[14] which eliminates the possibility of having upgrade difficulties. Some airlines are passing the cost directly into the customers ticket price, while some are charging a user fee based on an individual customers use. Some are also attempting to get a majority of the cost paid for by advertisements on, around, and in their IFE.

The largest international airlines sometimes pay more than $90,000 for a licence to show one movie over a period of two or three months. These airlines usually feature up to 100 movies at once, whereas 20 years ago they would have only 10 or 12. In the United States, airlines pay a flat fee every time the movie is watched by a passenger. Some airlines spend up to $20 million per year on content.[15]

Software reliability[edit]

Software for in-flight entertainment systems should be aesthetically pleasing, reliable, compatible, and also must be user friendly. These restrictions account for expensive engineering of individually specific software. In-flight entertainment equipment is often touch screen sensitive, and can be controlled with a handset, allowing interaction between each seat in the aircraft and the flight attendants, which is wireless in some systems.[citation needed] Along with a complete aircraft intranet to deal with, the software of the in-flight entertainment system must be reliable when communicating to and from the main in-flight entertainment processor. These additional requirements not only place an additional strain on the software engineers, but also on the price. Programming errors can slip through the testing phases of the software and cause problems.[16]

Varieties of in-flight entertainment[edit]

Moving-map systems[edit]

Simplified version of Airshow

A moving-map system is a real-time flight information video channel broadcast through to cabin project/video screens and personal televisions (PTVs). In addition to displaying a map that illustrates the position and direction of the plane, the system gives (utilizing both the imperial and metric systems) the altitude, airspeed, outside air temperature, distance to the destination, distance from the origination point, and origin/destination/local time (using both the 12-hour and 24-hour clocks). The moving-map system information is derived in real time from the aircraft's flight computer systems.[17]

The first moving-map system designed for passengers was named Airshow and introduced in 1982.[18] It was invented by Airshow Inc (ASINC), a small southern California corporation, which later became part of Rockwell Collins. KLM and Swissair were the first airlines to offer the moving map systems to their passengers.

The latest versions of moving-maps offered by IFE manufacturers include AdonisOne IFE, ICARUS Moving Map Systems, Airshow 4200 by Rockwell Collins, iXlor2 by Panasonic Avionics and JetMap HD by Honeywell Aerospace. In 2013, Betria Interactive unveiled FlightPath3D, a fully interactive moving-map that enables passengers to zoom and pan around a 3D world map using touch gestures, similar to Google Earth.[19] FlightPath3D was chosen by Norwegian as the moving-map on their new fleet of Boeing 787 Dreamliners, running on Panasonic's Android based touch-screen IFE system.[20]

After the attempted Christmas Day bombing of 2009, the United States Transportation Security Administration (TSA) briefly ordered the live-map shut-off on international flights landing in the United States. Some airlines complained that doing so may compel the entire IFE system to remain shut. After complaints from airlines and passengers alike, these restrictions were eased.

Audio entertainment[edit]

Audio entertainment covers music, as well as news, information, and comedy. Most music channels are pre-recorded and feature their own DJs to provide chatter, song introductions, and interviews with artists. In addition, there is sometimes a channel devoted to the plane's radio communications, allowing passengers to listen in on the pilot's in-flight conversations with other planes and ground stations.

In audio-video on demand (AVOD) systems, software such as MusicMatch is used to select music off the music server. Phillips Music Server is one of the most widely used servers running under Windows Media Center used to control AVOD systems.

This form of in-flight entertainment is experienced through headphones that are distributed to the passengers. The headphone plugs are usually only compatible with the audio socket on the passenger's armrest (and vice versa), and some airlines may charge a small fee to obtain a pair. The headphones provided can also be used for the viewing of personal televisions.

In-flight entertainment systems have been made compatible with XM Satellite Radio and with iPods, allowing passengers to access their accounts or bring their own music, along with offering libraries of full audio CDs from an assortment of artists.[21]

Video entertainment[edit]

iQ entertainment system on a Qantas A330

Video entertainment is provided via a large video screen at the front of a cabin section, as well as smaller monitors situated every few rows above the aisles. Sound is supplied via the same headphones as those distributed for audio entertainment.

However, personal televisions (PTVs) for every passenger provide passengers with channels broadcasting new and classic films, as well as comedies, news, sports programming, documentaries, children's shows, and drama series. Some airlines also present news and current affairs programming, which are often pre-recorded and delivered in the early morning before flights commence.

PTVs are operated via an in-flight Management System which stores pre-recorded channels on a central server and streams them to PTV equipped seats during flight. AVOD systems store individual programs separately, allowing a passenger to have a specific program streamed to them privately, and be able to control the playback.

Some airlines also provide video games as part of the video entertainment system. For example, Singapore Airlines passengers on some flights have access to a number of Super Nintendo games as part of its KrisWorld entertainment system. Also Virgin America's and Virgin Australia's Entertainment System offer passengers internet gaming over a Linux-based operating system.[22]

Personal televisions[edit]

Most airlines have now installed personal televisions (otherwise known as PTVs) for every passenger on most long-haul routes. These televisions are usually located in the seat-backs or tucked away in the armrests for front row seats and first class. Some show direct broadcast satellite television which enables passengers to view live TV broadcasts. Some airlines also offer video games using PTV equipment. Many are now providing closed captioning for deaf and hard-of-hearing passengers.

Audio-video on demand (AVOD) entertainment has also been introduced. This enables passengers to pause, rewind, fast-forward, or stop a program that they have been watching. This is in contrast to older entertainment systems where no interactivity is provided for. AVOD also allows the passengers to choose among movies stored in the aircraft computer system.

In addition to the personal televisions that are installed in the seatbacks, a new portable media player (PMP) revolution is under way.[when?] There are two types available: commercial off the shelf (COTS) based players and proprietary players. PMPs can be handed out and collected by the cabin crew, or can be "semi-embedded" into the seatback or seat arm. In both of these scenarios, the PMP can pop in and out of an enclosure built into the seat, or an arm enclosure. An advantage of PMPs is that, unlike seatback PTVs, equipment boxes for the inflight entertainment system do not need to be installed under the seats, since those boxes increase the weight of the aircraft and impede legroom.

In-flight movies[edit]

Personal on-demand videos are stored in an aircraft's main in-flight entertainment system, whence they can be viewed on demand by a passenger over the aircraft's built in media server and wireless broadcast system. Along with the on-demand concept comes the ability for the user to pause, rewind, fast forward, or jump to any point in the movie. There are also movies that are shown throughout the aircraft at one time, often on shared overhead screens or a screen in the front of the cabin. More modern aircraft are now allowing Personal Electronic Devices (PEDs) to be used to connect to the on board in-flight entertainment systems.[citation needed]

Regularly scheduled in flight movies began to premiere in 1961 on flights from New York to Los Angeles.[23] The first movie shown was By Love Possessed (1961), starring Lana Turner; it was first shown on July 19, 1961, when TWA showed it to its first-class passengers.


Closed captioning technology for deaf and hard-of-hearing passengers started in 2008 with Emirates Airlines. The captions are text streamed along with video and spoken audio and enables passengers to either enable or disable the subtitle/caption language. Closed captioning is capable of streaming various text languages, including Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Hindi, Spanish, and Russian. The technology is currently based on Scenarist file multiplexing so far; however, portable media players tend to use alternative technologies. A WAEA technical committee is trying to standardize the closed caption specification. In 2009, the US Department of Transportation ruled a compulsory use of captions of all videos, DVDs, and other audio-visual displays played for safety and/or informational purposes in aircraft should be high-contrast captioned (e.g., white letters on a consistent black background [14 CFR Part 382/ RIN 2105–AD41 /OST Docket No. 2006–23999]). As of 2013, several airlines, including

have closed-captioning provided on their AVOD systems.

In-flight games[edit]

Video games are another emerging facet of in-flight entertainment. Some game systems are networked to allow interactive playing by multiple passengers. Later generations of IFE games began to shift focus from pure entertainment to learning. The best examples of this changing trend are the popular trivia game series and the Berlitz Word Traveler that allows passengers to learn a new language in their own language. Appearing as a mixture of lessons and mini games, passengers can learn the basics of a new language while being entertained. Many more learning applications continue to appear in the IFE market.

Islamic prayers and directions to Mecca[edit]

In several airlines from the Muslim world the AVOD systems provide Qibla directions to allow Muslims to pray toward Mecca (e.g. Emirates, Turkish Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Etihad Airways, Malaysia Airlines, Qatar Airways, Royal Jordanian and Saudia); Malaysia Airlines has built-in Qur'ane-books and Garuda Indonesia has a unique Qur'an channel. Emirates also has built-in complete audio Qur'an.

In-flight connectivity[edit]

Ambox current red Americas.svg

This section needs to be updated. The reason given is: IFE is becoming more and more mainstream, not a rarity as depicted here. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(September 2019)

In recent years, IFE has been expanded to include in-flight connectivity—services such as Internet browsing, text messaging, cell phone usage (where permitted), and emailing. In fact, some in the airline industry have begun referring to the entire in-flight-entertainment category as "IFEC" (In-Flight Entertainment and Connectivity or In-Flight Entertainment and Communication).

The aircraft manufacturer Boeing entered into the in-flight-connectivity industry in 2000 and 2001 with an offshoot called Connexion by Boeing. The service was designed to provide in-flight broadband service to commercial airlines; Boeing built partnerships with United Airlines, Delta, and American. By 2006, however, the company announced it was closing down its Connexion operation. Industry analysts cited technology, weight, and cost issues as making the service unfeasible at the time. The Connexion hardware that needed to be installed on an aircraft, for example, weighed nearly 1,000 pounds (450 kg), which added more "drag" (a force working against the forward movement of the plane) and weight than was tolerable for the airlines.

Since the shuttering of Connexion by Boeing, several new providers have emerged to deliver in-flight broadband to airlines—notably Row 44, OnAir and AeroMobile (who offer satellite-based solutions), and Aircell (which offers air-to-ground connectivity via a cellular signal).

In the past few years, many US commercial airlines have begun testing and deploying in-flight connectivity for their passengers, such as Alaska Airlines, American, Delta, and United. Industry expectations were that by the end of 2011, thousands of planes flying in the US will offer some form of in-flight broadband to passengers. Airlines around the world are also beginning to test in-flight-broadband offerings as well.

Satellite and internal telephony[edit]

Now, airlines provide satellite telephones integrated into their system. These are either found at strategic locations in the aircraft or integrated into the passenger remote control used for the individual in-flight entertainment. Passengers can use their credit card to make phone calls anywhere on the ground. A rate close to US$10.00/minute is usually charged regardless of where the recipient is located and a connection fee may be applied even if the recipient does not answer. These systems are usually not capable of receiving incoming calls. There are also some aircraft that allow faxes to be sent and the rate is usually the same as the call rate, but at a per page rate. Some systems also allow the transmission of SMS.

More modern systems allow passengers to call fellow passengers located in another seat by simply keying in the recipient's seat number.

Data communication[edit]

IFE producers have begun to introduce Intranet type systems. Virgin America's, Virgin Atlantic's and Virgin Australia's Entertainment Systems allow for passengers to chat amongst one another, compete against each other in the provided games, talk to the flight attendants and request, and pay for in advance, food or drinks, and have full access to the internet and email. Other full service airlines such as China Airlines have launched IFEs with similar functionalities on board their Boeing 777 and Airbus A350 aircraft.


Several airlines are testing in-cabin wi-fi systems.[28] In-flight internet service is provided either through a satellite network or an air-to-ground network.[29] In the Airbus A380 aircraft, data communication via satellite system allows passengers to connect to live Internet from the individual IFE units or their laptops via the in-flight Wi-Fi access.[30]

Boeing's cancellation of the Connexion by Boeing system in 2006 caused concerns that inflight internet would not be available on next-generation aircraft such as Qantas's fleet of Airbus A380s and Boeing Dreamliner 787s. However, Qantas announced in July 2007 that all service classes in its fleet of A380s would have wireless internet access as well as seat-back access to email and cached web browsing when the Airbuses started operations in October 2008. Certain elements were also retrofitted into existing Boeing 747-400s.[31]

Sixteen major U.S. airlines now offer Wi-Fi connectivity service on their aircraft. The majority of these airlines use the service provided by Gogo Wi-Fi service. The service allows for Wi-Fi enabled devices to connect to the Internet. Delta currently has the most Wi-Fi equipped fleet with 500 aircraft that now offer in-flight Wi-Fi.[32]

In 2019, some airlines removed seatback screens, saving money by streaming video to passenger personal mobile devices.[33]

Mobile phone[edit]

Main article: Mobile phones on aircraft

As a general rule, mobile phone use while airborne is usually not just prohibited by the carrier, but also by regulatory agencies in the relevant jurisdiction (e.g. FAA and FCC in the US). However, with added technology, some carriers nonetheless allow the use of mobile phones on selected routes.

Emirates became the first airline to allow mobile phones to be used during flight. Using the systems supplied by telecom company AeroMobile, Emirates launched the service commercially on 20 March 2008.[34] Installed first on an Airbus A340-300, AeroMobile is presently operating across the entire Emirates fleet of Boeing 777s and Airbus A380s.[35]

Ryanair had previously aimed to become the first airline to enable mobile phone usage in the air, but instead ended up launching its system commercially in February 2009.[36] The system is set up on 22 737-800 jets based at Dublin Airport and was fitted on Ryanair's 200+ fleet off 737-800 jets by 2010.

OnAir offers inflight mobile connectivity to a range of airlines through its GSM network. The GSM network connects to the ground infrastructure via an Inmarsat SwiftBroadband satellite which provides consistent global coverage.

Virgin Australia also has an onboard Wi-Fi service, free on all domestic flights but paid based on time usage aboard international flights (as of 2020 this is no longer available), however since their takeover by Bain capital Virgin Australia has reverted to In-flight streaming without live internet access. It is said to be "reviewed" as a part of their overall goal to pull Virgin Australia from bankruptcy

China Airlines and Singapore Airlines also have similar Wi-Fi services, paid in a similar way to Virgin Australia's service.

Backbone connectivity[edit]

While SpaceX and OneWeb are testing low Earth orbit satellites, with Amazon seeking approval for more, and companies like AeroVironment are working on HAPS prototypes, aircraft-based connectivity upstarts like Simi Valley, AWN or Aeronet Global Communications Services are dwindling down.[37]


  1. ^Hindenburg interiors
  2. ^Bridge, The Broadcast. "How a "Genius" Engineer Designed the First Noise Cancelling Headsets - The Broadcast Bridge - Connecting IT to Broadcast". www.thebroadcastbridge.com. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  3. ^ abcdWhite, John Norman. "A History of Inflight Entertainment"(PDF). Airline Passenger Experience Association. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  4. ^"An Aerial " Picture Theatre "", Flight: 225, 16 April 1925
  5. ^"The Bristol Brabazon". Aviator Magazine. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  6. ^Quoted in Rebecca Maksel, Bringing Inflight Movies to Airlines Was Harder Than It Sounds, airspacemag.com, Smithsonian, 12 June 2015
  7. ^Garros, Roland. "A History of INFLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT".
  8. ^"In-Flight Entertainment System History: Are You Not Entertained?". Tedium: The Dull Side of the Internet. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  9. ^Peterson, Barbara (2006). Blue Streak: Inside jetBlue, the Upstart that Rocked an Industry. Portfolio. p. xvi. ISBN .
  10. ^Code of Federal Regulations Title 14 Part 25 Federal Aviation Administration, Tuesday 10 April 2007
  11. ^"Code of Federal Regulations Title 14 Part 25 Section 25.1301". Archived from the original on 23 June 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
  12. ^"Code of Federal Regulations Title 14 Part 25 Section 25.1309". Archived from the original on 23 June 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
  13. ^In Flight Entertainment Goes High Tech Digital Journal, Tuesday 10 April 2007
  14. ^Airbus A-320 FamilyArchived 14 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine Airbus A-320 Family
  15. ^James Durston (26 August 2014). "Inside the billion-dollar, super-censored inflight movie industry". CNN.
  16. ^How to Crash an In Flight Entertainment SystemArchived 20 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine CSO the Resource for Security Executives, Tuesday 10 April 2007
  17. ^"US Patent #4975696 A - Real-time flight and destination display for aircraft passengers". Google Patents. 23 March 1987. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  18. ^"AIRSHOW® 410 – Product Brochure". Airshow 410. Rockwell Collins. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  19. ^"ArrivalGuides integrated in new Norwegian FlightPath3D Dreamliner service". travalution.co.uk. Travalution. 23 August 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  20. ^"Norwegian Launches FlightPath3D Moving Map Service on International Routes". PRWeb press releases. 8 December 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  21. ^Apple Teams Up With In Flight EntertainmentArchived 24 June 2011 at the Wayback MachineApple Computer, Tuesday 10 April 2007
  22. ^Virgin America's RED Entertainment System Engadget, Tuesday 10 April 2007
  23. ^First in Flight Movie Trivia Library, Tuesday 10 April 2007
  24. ^"Captioning In-Flight Entertainment: The Final Frontier". deaffriendly. 4 June 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  25. ^"Information for customers who are deaf or hearing impaired". Qantas. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  26. ^"Southwest to offer captioning on wireless IFE". Runway Girl Network. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  27. ^"Information for Customers with Special Needs". Emirates.com. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  28. ^List of airlines offering inflight wifi eDreams Blog Thursday 22 August 2014
  29. ^In-flight Internet: Grounded for life? CNET News.com, Friday 25 January 2008
  30. ^[http://www.airportwifiguide.com/can-i-get-on-line-in-the-new-airbus-a380/ Airlines currently working on in-flight wi-fi access include Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, Continental Airlines, jetBlue, and Virgin America. Can I get on-line in the new Airbus A380?AirportWiFi Guide, Monday 25 June 2007
  31. ^Warne, Dan (24 July 2007). "Inflight internet lives again: Qantas introduces wireless broadband, laptop power in all classes". APCMag.com. Archived from the original on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2007.
  32. ^Airlines In-flight WiFi Access Fees Table Airport WiFi Guide, Saturday 21 August 2010
  33. ^LaGrave, Katherine. "Delta Defies Trend, Keeps Adding Seat-Back Screens to Planes". Condé Nast Traveler. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  34. ^"Don't switch off your mobile phone on this Emirates flight". Thaindian News. 21 March 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  35. ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 February 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  36. ^Starmer-Smith, Charles (20 February 2009). "Ryanair mobile phone service: 'Hello, I'm on the plane'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  37. ^Michael Bruno (23 September 2019). "What Happened To Dreams of Commercial Aircraft-based Connectivity?". Aviation Week & Space Technology.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In-flight_entertainment
Passenger Plane Flies Upside Down - Flight - Hollywood vs Reality

Flight (1929 film)

1929 film

Flight is a 1929 adventure and aviation film directed by Frank Capra.[2] The film stars Jack Holt, Lila Lee and Ralph Graves, who also came up with the story, for which Capra wrote the dialogue.[Note 1] Dedicated to the United States Marine Corps, the production was greatly aided by their full cooperation.[4]


College football player Lefty Phelps (Ralph Graves) causes his school to lose the big game when he gets disoriented after a tackle and runs the wrong way. After being treated decently by gruff U.S. Marine Corps Sergeant "Panama" Williams (Jack Holt), a spectator, Phelps decides to enlist in the Marines himself. He is selected to attend pilot training school at Naval Air Station Pensacola, where Williams is a flying instructor. When Williams finally recognizes Lefty, he befriends him and takes him under his wing. On his first attempt at solo flight, however, Lefty is taunted about the football game by fellow recruit Steve Roberts (Harold Goodwin), and cannot take off, resulting in a crash. Panama rescues Lefty from the burning aircraft, suffering burns to his hands. Lefty is "washed out" by his squadron commander, Major Rowell (Alan Roscoe).

Lefty is taken to the base hospital, where he falls for Navy nurse Elinor Murray (Lila Lee). When the "Flying Devils" squadron is sent to quell bandit attacks by the notorious General Lobo in Nicaragua, Panama arranges for Lefty to accompany him as his mechanic. Panama shows Lefty a photograph of Elinor, the love of his life, not knowing Lefty is in love with her too. When Elinor is sent to Nicaragua, she does not understand the guilt-stricken Lefty's cool reception. When the girl-shy Panama asks Lefty to propose to Elinor on his behalf, Elinor confesses her love for him instead, after which Panama accuses Lefty of betrayal.

An urgent call for help by a Marine outpost under bandit attack stops any confrontation. Lefty flies as gunner for Steve Roberts, who makes fun of him about shooting in the right direction. During the mission, their aircraft is shot down in a swamp. Unwilling to join in the rescue, Panama reports in sick, but once Elinor convinces him that Lefty never betrayed him, he flies his own solo rescue mission. At the crash site, Roberts dies of his injuries and is cremated by Lefty using their aircraft as a funeral pyre. Panama finds Lefty but is wounded by bandits led by General Lobo, after his landing. Lefty kills the attacking bandits, takes off, and brings the pair back, putting on an impressive flying display over the base that includes safely landing the aircraft after it loses a wheel. Sometime later, Lefty has won his wings and is now an instructor at the school, married to Elinor. When his wife arrives in their new car, Lefty accidentally pulls away in reverse.


* uncredited


At the time of production, Jack Holt's career with Columbia Pictures was as a leading man. Capra specifically asked for him to star as the laconic pilot and with the acquiescence of studio head Harry Cohn, his role in Flight was emblematic of the studio's reliance on the popular and profitable action film.[5][Note 2]

Receiving full cooperation from the Marine Corps, including the use of facilities and personnel at Naval Base San Diego and NAS North Island, provided the authentic settings Capra required.[4][Note 3] The initial flying sequence depicts the landing and taxi of an FB-1 fighter, with Holt stepping from the cockpit. { The flight training sequences were staged using Consolidated NY-1B trainers based at San Diego. Nine Marine Corps Curtiss OC-2 aircraft from Marine Attack Squadron 231 (VMA-231) were featured in the aerial combat sequences.[7] The squadron, along with VO-10M (Marine Observation Squadron 10), also prominently appeared in Devil Dogs of the Air (1935).[8]

A total of 28 aircraft were at Capra's disposal and with the benefit of using actual aircraft, Capra did not have to rely on "process shots" or special effects which was the standard of the day, although dangerous crash scenes and a mass night takeoff were staged using studio miniatures. Along with principal aerial photographer, Elmer Dyer, who filmed from a camera-equipped aircraft, Capra flew alongside in a director's aircraft to coordinate the aerial scenes. Jack Holt who was an accomplished pilot, flew in the film but crashed during one scene. Capra pushed for aerial close-ups and in one scene, wanted Holt to stand up in the cockpit but his parachute had deployed, and he remained seated, causing the scene to be abandoned.[Note 4] Noted Marine Corps exhibition pilots Lts. Bill Williams and Jerry Jerome were also involved in the production.[7]

Historical accuracy[edit]

Capra also shot on location in La Mesa and Fallbrook, California, used for the Nicaragua scenes. Although a fictional treatment, the military action depicted in Nicaragua was based on the Battle of Ocotal on July 16, 1927 when the Marines battled hundreds of Sandinista rebels.[8] Importing fire ants for the swamp scene became controversial as the ants were capable of biting through the actors' clothing.[Note 5]

The opening scene where the football star takes off in the wrong direction was based on Capra's recalling a notable incident he witnessed, along with Columbia studio boss Harry Cohn, during the 1929 Rose Bowl when Roy Riegels was tackled by his own team after picking up a fumble and running toward his own goal line. Footage from the actual game is used.[8][Note 6]


Flight garnered a lukewarm response from critics and did well at the box office.[10] Typical of the reviews was the one appearing in The New York Times: "During those all too brief moments when the producer skips away from melodramatic flubdub, tedious romantic passages and slapstick comedy and turns to scenes of airplanes in formation and flying stunts, 'Flight,' a talking film presented last night by Columbia Pictures Corporation at the George M. Cohan and dedicated to the United States Marines, is well worth watching."[11] In a later day review, Alun Evans lumped the film in with similar propaganda films of the silent era that depicted US involvement in Mexican and Latin American conflicts.[12]

Largely forgotten today, Flight is representative of Capra's early period and fits in well with the silent Submarine (1928) and later Dirigible (1931) as a trio of military-themed productions. Now available in home video, the film is rarely broadcast as it is considered a minor work in the Capra filmology.[12]



  1. ^The film's tagline was: "The first all-talking drama of the air will thrill you!"[3]
  2. ^After a famous feud with studio head, Harry Cohn, Holt's career with Columbia Pictures took a dramatic downturn, as he was reduced to taking secondary roles.[6]
  3. ^Capra readily utilized the machine gun in a fighter-bomber, along with "trippable" bombs that were offered to the production.[7]
  4. ^On landing, Capra had stormed over to Holt, but realized that the actor would have been in peril if he had followed the direction to stand up.[7]
  5. ^Holt had asked the prop manager to test the ants' ability to bite and witnessed the alarm when the ants attacked the man. Capra revised the scene accordingly.[9]
  6. ^The 1929 Rose Bowl is coincidentally notable for having a publicity overflight and aerial refueling demonstration by the experimental Air Corps aircraft nicknamed "?" on the first day of its week-long non-stop flight.


  1. ^Scherle and Levy 1977, p. 79.
  2. ^Scherle and Levy 1977, pp. 78–81.
  3. ^Scherle and Levy 1977, p. 80.
  4. ^ abCapra 1971, pp. 108–109.
  5. ^Dick 1992, p. 78.
  6. ^Blottner 2011, p. 7.
  7. ^ abcdCapra 1971, p. 109.
  8. ^ abcMcBride 1992, p. 205.
  9. ^Scherle and Levy 1977, pp. 79–80.
  10. ^Capra 1971, pp. 111–112.
  11. ^Hall, Mordaunt. "Review: Flight."The New York Times, September 14, 1929.
  12. ^ abEvans 2000, p. 71.


  • Blottner, Gene. Columbia Pictures Movie Series, 1926-1955: The Harry Cohn Years. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2011. ISBN 978-0-7864-3353-7.
  • Capra, Frank. Frank Capra, The Name Above the Title: An Autobiography. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1971. ISBN 0-306-80771-8.
  • Dick, Bernard F. Columbia Pictures: Portrait of a Studio. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 1992. IISBN 978-0-8131-3019-4.
  • Dolan Edward F. Jr. Hollywood Goes to War. London: Bison Books, 1985. ISBN 0-86124-229-7.
  • Evans, Alun. Brassey's Guide to War Films. Dulles, Virginia: Potomac Books, 2000. ISBN 1-57488-263-5.
  • Harwick, Jack and Ed Schnepf. "A Viewer's Guide to Aviation Movies". The Making of the Great Aviation Films, General Aviation Series, Volume 2, 1989.
  • McBride, Joseph. Frank Capra: The Catastrophe of Success. New York: Touchstone Books, 1992. ISBN 0-671-79788-3.
  • Scherle, Victor and William Levy. The Films of Frank Capra. Secaucus, New Jersey: The Citadel Press, 1977. ISBN 0-8065-0430-7.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flight_(1929_film)

You will also like:

Happy Flight

For the Soviet film, see Happy Flight (1949 film).

2008 Japanese film

Happy Flight (ハッピーフライト, Happī Furaito) is a Japanese comedy film directed by Shinobu Yaguchi about pilots and flight attendants. All Nippon Airways (ANA) backed the creation of the film. The airline sponsored a giveaway of Happy Flight DVDs and other items to certain members of ANA's mileage club.[1]


Kazuhiro Suzuki, a copilot who is trying to qualify as a pilot, and Etsuko Saitō, a young flight attendant going on her first international flight, service an All Nippon Airways747-400 as Flight 1980 from Haneda Airport to Honolulu International Airport. Suzuki feels stressed when Captain Noriyoshi Harada becomes his evaluator, while Saitō under Chief Purser Reiko Yamazaki. The 747 has been reported with malfunctioning heated pitot tubes, but Noriyoshi decides to postpone repair to avoid delays, relying on redundant instruments. Immediately after takeoff, which involved bird patrol to fend off surrounding pigeons, an alarm prompts Noriyoshi to switch to the backup pitot tube as their primary indication.

Inflight services commence shortly after. Due to the overbooked flight, not all passengers could receive their first choice of lunch between beef and fish; Reiko gives Saitō a lesson in dealing with demand imbalance: promoting the less wanted fish. She follows through with her first mishap, describing the beef as "plain and ordinary." She then fumbles orders for white wine, apple juice, and motion sickness drugs. She corrects the drink orders, but the ill passenger vomits onto her uniform.

Meanwhile, the plane behaves erratically under Noriyoshi's command. Kazuhiro responds to passenger Ground staff confirms that the 747 suffered a bird strike; the engines ingested a bird without failing, but the bird also disabled the remaining pitot tubes, freezing the plane at cruising altitude. The aircraft has lost all indication of airspeed until they descend to below 22,000 feet, where air temperature is above freezing point. The captain elects to return to Haneda, now suffering from severe weather conditions. The flight crew and ground controllers then have to work together to land the plane, win the cooperation of the ill passenger, and determine if the maintenance crew was at fault for the aircraft's failure.



Mark Schilling of The Japan Times reviewed the film, giving it three of five stars. Schilling said that he "felt somewhat like a convict watching a prison film whose heroes are the trustees and guards — and feeling the filmmakers aren't getting the whole story."[1]


External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Happy_Flight

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