Soviet peaked cap

Soviet peaked cap DEFAULT

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the first symptom of a cold is usually a sore throat. this is generally followed by sneezing or a blocked, sore or runny nose. usually, 1 in 3 people with a cold will get a cough and feel unwell.

colds are caused by viruses. antibiotics cannot treat viruses. instead, drink plenty of liquids to replace those lost from sweating and runny noses. get lots of rest and eat healthily. do not ask your gp for antibiotics for a cold.

you will usually feel worse during the first 2 to 3 days before gradually starting to improve. your symptoms will usually last about a week.

cold and flu symptoms are similar but flu tends to be more severe.

cold

  • appears gradually
  • affects mainly your nose and throat
  • makes you feel unwell but you're ok to carry on as normal - for example, go to work

flu

    enjoy saving 30-50% off Soviet Russian military vintage Hat Soviet army officer peaked cap khaki olive order now enjoy big discount
  • appears quickly within a few hours
  • affects more than just your nose and throat
  • makes you feel exhausted and too unwell to carry on as normal

cold symptoms can include:

  • blocked or runny nose
  • sore throat
  • headaches
  • muscle aches
  • coughs
  • sneezing
  • a raised temperature
  • pressure in your ears and face
  • loss of taste and smell

the symptoms are the same in adults and children. sometimes, symptoms last longer in children.

causes of colds

colds are caused by viruses. they can easily spread to other people. you're infectious until all your symptoms have gone. this usually takes about a week.

colds are spread by germs from coughs and sneezes which can live on hands and surfaces for 24 hours.

to reduce the risk of spreading a cold you should:

  • wash your hands often with warm water and soap
  • cough into your elbow to stop germs getting on to your hands and spreading to other people
  • use tissues to trap germs when you cough or sneeze
  • bin used tissues as quickly as possible

how to prevent catching a cold

the best ways to avoid catching a cold are:

  • washing your hands with warm water and soap, especially before eating
  • not sharing towels or household items, like cups, with someone who has a cold
  • not touching your eyes or nose. you can infect your body if you've come into contact with the virus.
  • staying fit and healthy
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Caps of the Soviet Army

Introduction

Due to the large number of caps in this category, I have subdivided the Army cap section into the four uniform periods described on my Uniform Periods page to the left. All caps on this page were worn during this period. However, certain uniform elements (including caps) often extended into succeeding uniform regulations. In most cases, I have placed these caps according to the uniform period in which they were first introduced. A thumbnail image accompanies each cap description. Clicking on that thumbnail will bring up a larger, higher resolution image.

1969-1991: M69 "Modernized" uniforms and their final updates

Ministry of Defense uniform regulations implemented in 1969 represented the most significant and far-reaching reform of Soviet Army and Navy uniforms since 1943. Virtually every type of officer and soldier uniform was affected, with an overall trend toward more modern and lighter fabrics, western design and added color and ornamentation. While generals' uniforms changed the least in these changes, it is safe to say that every service member began 1970 (the effective date of the M69 regulations) looking sharper - at least on paper - than his counterparts in 1968.

Visor caps changed in shape, size, color and accessories - with the crown increasing in height and circumference, wave green becoming the standard color for all officer parade dress and aluminum emblems vanquishing the last remnants of brass and enamel insignia.


Motorized Rifle
General Parade
1969-1991

Probably the archetypical Soviet general's cap - the one most commonly seen in images taken of Soviet military parades, funerals and other ceremonies. In compliance with 1969 regulations, the top circumference was increased (final size varied depending on head size) and the height of the crown front was raised by .5 cm. Other than those changes - this 1970-dated cap mirrors its 1955-68 predecessors. Crown fabric is wave green in color, band and piping is red. The band, visor and leather strap are heavily embroidered in gilt wire. The cockade is the two-piece gilt aluminum general's model. The general's pattern buttons are probably a later addition, being made of gilded plastic; which replaced one-piece metal cast buttons during the latter part of this period. The patent leather visor is covered underneath with black wool and the interior is finished to general standards.

The red/red color combination of this cap was adopted by Special Troops, Medical, Veterinary, Justice and Intendance generals after 1980; and was to become standard for ALL Army generals after 1989, although this change did not come into effect before 1991. Scarce


Tank/Artillery
General Parade
1969-1989

Generals of Tank and Artillery troops wore the cap shown here for parade over this entire period and with the gray walking-out uniform after the gray cap was phased out in 1980. This cap, from the collection of Phil Mironov, is dated 1970 and so represents the earliest of the M69 series with their larger crowns. The band is black velvet, piping is red and all embroidery is in gilt wire. The buttons are still metal and the M55 is two-piece gilt.

This cap was to be phased out of service according to 1989 regulations, when all Army generals were to standardize on red bands and piping. However, it does not appear this changeover occurred prior to the collapse of the USSR in 1991. Rare


Special Troops/Medical/Veterinary/Justice/Intendance
General Parade
1969-1980

The large group of generals listed above were, by 1969 regulations, to wear caps with magenta bands and piping; medical and veterinary generals losing their unique green bands. This combination remained in service until 1980, when colors were further simplified (although not yet unified) and these generals were allocated red bands/piping - like that of Motorized Rifle. Also from the Phil Mironov collection, this particular cap was manufactured in 1972 and still has earlier-style accessories - two piece cockade, cast metal buttons, and higher quality embroidery. Rare


Tank/Artillery
General Parade-Walking Out
1969-1979

A light gray jacket and cap had been authorized for summer wear by generals since 1955 but until 1969 served as an alternative everyday service uniform in the summer. In 1969 regulations it was upgraded to a parade-walking out uniform intended for wear at formal (but not parade) military and civilian functions. Reflecting its more-exalted status, a wreath with 14 leaves was now embroidered onto the band, surrounding a gilt M55 general's cockade. Shown here is a cap belonging to either a Tank or Artillery general as identified by the black velvet band and red piping. The light gray crown is made from fine gabardine fabric. Note that the cords continue to be gold filigree and the visor is black lacquered fiberboard - NOT leather.

The interiors of these gray caps are typically the same as that seen on wave-green parade and khaki service general caps. However, most M69 generals' caps were now marked with the year of manufacture (1970 again in this case) - unlike those made in the 1950's and early 1960's. Stamped year of manufacture continued to be standard on generals' caps until the late 1980's when they were once more usually omitted.

While the light gray parade-walking uniform remained in service out to 1991, its cap (shown here) was officially phased out in 1980 in favor of the wave-green cap. Scarce


Special Troops/Medical/Veterinary/Justice/Intendance
General Parade-Walking Out
1969-1979

This cap is similar to the one above, with the obvious exception of magenta (in Russian: raspberry) colored band and piping marking its association with the Special Troops, Medical, Veterinary, Justice or Intendance services. Band embroidery is somewhat tarnished gilt wire of the correct 14-leaves style. The aluminum cockade and plastic buttons mark this as a cap from the 70's or later - 1972 in this case. Gold cords and black fiberboard visor are standard for this period for this type of cap. As previously mentioned, wear of this style gray cap officially ended in 1980 when it was phased out of service - and when, incidentally, magenta was also dropped as a band color. Scarce


Motorized Rifle
General Parade-Walking Out
1969-1979

The third color combination used for this style cap; the red band and piping mark the owner as a Motorized Rifle General. The remainder of the cap is standard, with high quality gilt embroidery, general-grade buttons, gilt cords and black fiberboard visor. Scarce


Special Troops/Medical/Veterinary/Justice/Intendance
General Service
1969-1979

This 1973-dated service cap is representative of one produced prior to 1980. While its raspberry band and piping colors are somewhat striking, the rest of the cap is remarkably bland for a general officer's, reflecting its everyday role. It is unadorned beyond a M55 gilt general's cockade and golden filigree cords. The visor is black fiberboard. This cap remains very similar to its predecessors, differing only in the greater height and circumference of the M69 crown. In 1980 the Soviet Army did away with the magenta band and piping colors shown here, transitioning all officers and generals still using that color to red. Scarce


Tank/Artillery
General Service
1969-1979

From the www.collectrussia.com militaria site, this cap was worn on everyday service by tank and artillery generals. It is a M69 model with the larger crown, but otherwise is virtually identical to those worn in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Like the cap just discussed, it is relatively plain; with just the all-gilt M55 cockade, brass buttons with the Great Seal of the USSR and gilt cords. This cap was replaced in 1980 with a new service version with laurel-leaf band embroidery. Scarce


Motorized Rifle
General Service
1969-1991

Intially worn just by Motorized Rifle generals, this pattern and color combination expanded in 1980 to include Medical, Veterinary, Intendance and Special Troops' generals. Externally virtually identical to a standard officer's service cap; it differs only in the all-gilt cockade and the general style buttons. Inspection of the inside construction - with its kid leather sweatband with interweaved ribbon, silk (or rayon) lining, and manufacturer's label - is a more certain means of identification. Note that you will sometimes see these general-grade caps with the standard officer cockade and star-embossed buttons, probably indicating use by colonels anticipating promotion! Although really any officer could wear these if they wanted to pay for the higher quality. From the Phil Mironov collection. Scarce


Tank/Artillery
General Service
1980-1991

While at first glance they may appear to be completely different, this and the previous cap serve the same role - "everyday" duty cap for Army generals. However, this 1981-dated service cap now proudly carries the unique band embroidery authorized on such caps as of 1980 - following the abolition of the gray walking out cap which had similar band embroidery. Nevertheless, the wire embroidery on the service cap differs in that the wreath surrounding the cockade only has 8 leaves - vice the 14 seen on the earlier gray cap. The rest of the cap is standard M69 - black velvet and red identifying the arm of the wearer, M55 all-gilt cockade, gilt plastic general-officer buttons, gold filigree cords and black fiberboard visor. Scarce





Motorized Rifle/Special Troops/Medical/Veterinary/Justice/Intendance
General Service
1980-1991

With the changes announced in 1980, this color combination (red band and piping) became standard for all Army generals except Tank and Artillery. This quest to simplify arm/service colors reached its zenith in the 1989 uniform regulations; when ALL generals (including Airborne but not Air Force) were assigned red as band and piping colors. These final changes were not widely realized, however, before the USSR collapsed in 1991.

As you can see, this cap has the embroidered wreath with 8 leaves authorized in 1980 - along with the other by now standard generals' cap accessories. However, this one differs from the previous general's cap (even though they were both made in 1981) in that this visor is patent leather with black wool underneath. Patent leather visors rapidly gained popularity and eventually superseded the older fiberboard visors on generals' caps. Based on my surveys, both fiber and patent leather visors were used from 1981-1983, with patent leather becoming most common by the latter half of the 1980s. Of note: following the collapse of the USSR, headgear manufacturers increasingly used these visors on officer-grade and even enlisted caps for those personnel willing to spend a little extra to have the "sharpest" looking cap possible.

I've also shown the inside of this cap so that you can see the second major style of maker label used in general-officer caps - the one I've dubbed "horseshoe" - as opposed to the "teardrop" shaped labels I've shown earlier. Either shape is completely authentic and usage varied from batch to batch, even in the same factory in the same year. Please see my book: Soviet Uniform Visor Cap Markings for more information. Available


Army - All Arms and Services
General Field
1969-1988

These pictures illustrate the changes made to the generals' field cap in the 1969 regulations. Although field caps were authorized in 1958, these earlier versions did not have colored piping and had shorter crowns with smaller circumference. Red was selected as the piping color shared by all ground forces' officers; the only other authorized color being azure for Air Force and Airborne generals (but see the box below for a "possible" exception to this rule). The two sets of pictures shown here illustrate the most common variations seen on these caps (dated 1970 on the left and dated 1982 on the right).

Both are overall khaki - band and crown. However, the older cap on the left has a black painted double-rimmed fiberboard visor while the other has a green painted single-rimmed one. Use of black instead of green visors was common in the early years, even though regulations clearly prescribe khaki (green). Both chinstraps are plastic - the older a dark green, the other a lighter shade. Buttons are also different, although both are marked with the generals' Great Seal of the USSR. The older cap has dyed plastic buttons while the newer one has green-painted steel ones. And finally, the cockades differ in that the older one is made of greenish anodized aluminum while the newer one appears to be aluminum thickly painted green. The insides are similar; both use a khaki colored silk lining, although the sweatband and ribbon colors vary. These caps were authorized for field wear until the 1989 regulations; thereafter generals were to wear the new "six-pocket" field uniform with its matching field cap. Available


Motorized Rifle
Officer Parade-Walking Out
1969-1991

This and the next two caps capture all three color combinations authorized under the 1969 regulations for officers of the Soviet Army as part of the new wave-green parade walking-out uniform. Since regular officers did not have a separate walking out uniform (like the general's gray one), the same cap was worn for both purposes. Along with the new color, a new cap emblem was introduced for this uniform - a one-piece combined cockade and wreath (a two-piece form of this emblem may have also been produced in small numbers). This emblem was made in gilt aluminum with a white painted oval surround to the red star. This particular cap is a later one (dated 1988) so it has an enlarged black plastic visor which started entering use in 1977/78 and became standard in the 1980s. Earlier caps were produced with black painted fiberboard visors. The red band and piping identify the wearer as either an officer, warrant officer (after 1972) or extended service sergeant belonging to Motorized Rifle troops. Gold filigree cords are held in place by one-piece gilt plastic buttons embossed with the Army star. Common

Tank/Artillery/Motor Transport/Railroad/VOSO
Officer Parade-Walking Out
1969-1991

The black velvet band separates this cap from the previous one - signifying the owner as an officer, warrant officer or extended service sergeant of tank, artillery, motor transport, railroad or VOSO. Although not authorized, other Special Troops' officers commonly wore velvet bands during this period, which probably led to a decision in 1980 to standardize all black banded officer caps on velvet. The only other differences between this cap and the previous one is that this one has two-piece metal buttons and a black painted fiberboard visor - vice a plastic one. Although the date is worn off, this indicates this cap was made before 1985. Common


Medical/Veterinary/Justice/Intendance
Officer Parade-Walking Out
1969-1979

The final cap of this series, this cap was worn by the "rest" of the officers making up the Soviet Army ground forces. Notice the date range I provide for this cap, it does not extend as late as the others. That is because in 1980 the Ministry of Defense further consolidated branch colors and revoked raspberry/magenta in favor of red. This cap was made in 1977; just as plastic visors were introduced into production on a limited basis (becoming standard after 1980/1981). The rest of the cap is as previously discussed. Available


Cavalry
Officer Parade-Walking Out
1969-1991

Although not addressed in the 1969 regulations, there was one last small group of officers that wore an extremely rare variant of the wave-green parade uniform. Even though cavalry units had been phased out of operational forces in the late 1940's (except for the MVD and Border Guard), in 1962 an independent cavalry "division" was formed near Moscow to support movie filming. Later this unit was redesigned a regiment (although actual personnel strength was closer to a battalion) which, while still participating in movies, also performed ceremonial parade duties. Traditional pre-war cavalry colors were adopted for caps of this formation - a bright blue band with black piping. All other aspects of the cap mirrored its more common Army counterparts. Very Rare



Medical/Veterinary/Justice/Administration/Intendance
Officer Service
1969-1974

The magenta band and piping mark the owner of this cap as an officer from the Medical, Veterinary, Justice, Administration or Intendance service. The cap has the larger khaki M69 crown, although the rest of the cap is identical to those worn from 1955-1968; with a white and gilt cockade and black fiberboard visor. The black oilcloth or plastic chinstrap is held in place by two brass star-embossed buttons. This strap marks the cap as being from the 1969-1974 period, as officers exchanged this chinstrap for gilt filigree cords on their service caps in 1975. And of course, magenta-banded caps were replaced by red ones after 1980.

Alternatively, this cap could have been worn by a warrant officer from one of these services during 1972-1974. See the Motorized Rifle warrant officer entry further down this page for more information on those officers. Scarce


Motorized Rifle
Officer Service
1975-1991

This is the cap worn by Motorized Rifle officers with the everyday service uniform after gilt cords replaced chinstraps in 1975. Medical/Veterinary/Justice/Administration/Intendance officers also wore this cap from 1980-1991. It follows the M69 pattern, with a khaki crown and bright red band and piping. It uses the same cockade found on service caps since 1955 - although these were all aluminum by this stage. The visor is black plastic; which became became increasing common after 1980 - although did not completely replace fiber visors on Army caps until around 1986. Even patent leather visors (identical to that used on Generals' service caps) could occasionally be found on officers' service caps after 1987. Common


Tank/Artillery/Motor Transport/Railroad/VOSO
Officer Service
1975-1991

Except of the band - black velvet - this cap is virtually identical to the cap just described. Produced in 1989 - it has the same plastic visor, aluminum cockade and gold cords. The only divergence are the buttons - which are plastic. At this stage virtually all cap buttons were plastic. This same cap but with a plain black wool band was worn by officers of engineers and other special troops' officers until they too were authorized black velvet in 1980. Common


All Arms and Services
Officer Field
1969-1988

Like the general's field cap discussed earlier, the M69 officer's field cap was in service until 1988 - at which time it was officially replaced within the Army with the red-piped pilotka (side-cap) or the field cap worn with the "six-pocket" uniform. The officer's field cap was all khaki - just like the M58 version. The cap displayed here was made in 1982. It has a green oilcloth chinstrap and green painted buttons, cockade, and fiberboard visor. However, the material used for these components varied quite a bit over time. For example, in the picture to the bottom left is a variation with a different style painted fiber visor - notice the two rims along the outside edge. This style of visor was reportedly only in use between 1975 and 1980 (this cap is dated 1976). The rest of the cap matches the first field cap. The picture below and to the right is one of the last field caps produced (dated 1987) and although it is missing its chinstrap, you can clearly see it has a larger plastic visor. Green plastic buttons and cockades were also found on these later field caps. Common


Motorized Rifle
Officer Tan Service
1980-1991

One of the favorite caps in my collection! Designed to complement the tan hot-weather uniform developed in the early 1980's, this type cap first came to wide Western attention during MSU Akhromeyev's visit to the U.S. in 1988. During that visit, all Soviet Army and Air Force personnel wore versions of this cap. Air Force caps were banded and piped in light blue, while Army personnel wore red banded caps. During this visit, while most officers wore the M55 cockade shown here, at least one colonel wore the M69 officer's parade cockade on this cap. In the last few years of the Soviet Union, these caps were also increasingly seen during Soviet military visits and postings to Africa, Cuba and the Middle East. The major difference between this cap and the normal Army service cap is of course the color and fabric used for the crown - a light tan, cotton material. The crown is actually a removable cover, supported by a white padded framework as seen on most Naval officer summer caps. As you can see from the second picture, the inside is also "tropicalized", with a lightweight white lining. Rare


Motorized Rifle
General Tan Service
1980-1991

This 1982-dated cap is the general's counterpart to the one above and is identical in most repects to it. Again, the crown is made from light tan cotton material and the band is red. The crown does not have colored piping - as was normal for all summer weight caps. The gold cords are attached with general's buttons and the all-gilt general's cockade is surrounded by laurel leaves embroidered directly onto the band in gilt wire. You can compare the interior fittings of this cap with that of a regular officer's; the same lining but this one has upgraded generals' sweatband.

From the collection of Brian P�roja. Very Rare



Motorized Rifle
Warrant Officer Service
1972-1991

Warrant Officers (in Russian: Praporshchiki) were created within the Soviet Army in 1972, in order to encourage conscripts to enlist for extended service following their two year mandatory service. The new Praporshchiki had many of the same privileges as commissioned officers, including higher pay, benefits and the right to wear officer quality uniforms. This cap represents one worn by a Praporshchik of Motorized Rifles or by Medical/Veterinary/Justice/Intendance Praposrshchiki after 1980 (remember - these services changed their branch color from magenta to red that year). To add even more potential confusion, this same cap was worn by all officers colonel and below during the period 1969-1975 until they were finally authorized to wear gold cords with their service uniform. Although I only show this cap in red, Warrant Officers of course also existed within the Tank/Artillery/Special Troops - which used black velvet bands, and within other services using magenta bands. Besides the black strap (either oilcloth or plastic), the Warrant Officer's cap was exactly like that worn by other officers. Common


Armor/Artillery/Special Troops
Conscript Private/Sergeant Parade-Walking Out
1969-1991

In contrast to officers or extended servicemen, conscript privates and sergeants did not wear wave-green uniforms for parade or dress purposes. Instead they wore a khaki open-collared uniform similar in many ways to an officer's service uniform. However, conscripts were distinguished by a number of uniform elements. The most striking element on the late-issue conscript cap shown here is the cockade which was introduced in 1969. Originally cast in aluminum in two pieces, 99% of ones in use were one-piece (as shown here). Notice the band is made of simple black wool - NOT black velvet. That was reserved for officers of select branches - although after 1980 more and more conscripts apparently purchased their own velvet-banded caps. The chinstrap is black plastic, as is the visor - marking it again as one produced in the 1980s. The buttons are gilt plastic Soviet Army type. Common





Motorized Rifle
Conscript Private/Sergeant Parade-Walking Out
1969-1991

This 1988-dated cap is identical to the above cap, except for the red band marking a conscript of Motorized Rifle troops. After 1969, this and the black banded cap just discussed were the only two color combinations in use by conscripts. Common


Russian Army
Transitional Officer Service
1992-1994

Finally, I have included this cap as an end-point to my display of Army headgear. Following the dissolution of the USSR in 1991, the Soviet Army began considering uniform changes to reflect the now "Russian" nature of the force. This process has been long and torturous; and is still evolving over 25 years later. One of the first elements of the conversion which started in 1992 was adoption of a new, more "western" looking uniform that would be used for both service and parade (with minor accessory changes). The uniform chosen was actually one being considered for adoption by the Army prior to the fall of Communism. This cap represents the first model accompanying this uniform. I acquired it in Moscow in June 1992, before its general issue to the Army (it was the first one my Russian escort officer had actually seen as well). The Soviet connection is still strong, as evidenced by the M55 Soviet officer's cockade and gold Soviet Army buttons. However, different branch-specific colored bands were now completely eliminated. The band now had a gray-green ribbon cover similar in concept to that found on the naval cap, but with a distinct "checkerboard" pattern (this ribbon band was dropped on later versions). Red piping was standardized for all Army officers regardless of branch. The visor is plastic. In comparing the crown size of this cap with the Soviet M69 cap, you will find Russian uniform designers continued the trend observed in the late 1980s toward larger-size crowns. This one is over 1/2 cm higher in front and larger in circumference than a same-size M69. This strange desire to emulate South American militaries in creating umbrella-like cap crowns continued into the late 1990s with ever-larger caps. Finally, however, enough complaints came from within the military ranks for designers to scale back the crown and by 2010 Russia had returned to a crown size approximately that of the old Soviet M69. Scarce

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Sours: http://www.undertheredstar.com/army.htm
Soviet Air Force General Visor Hat [Parade Version] original Cap

History of Things: Who got Marshal Zhukov’s peaked cap and why?

The collection of the State Defence of Moscow Museum includes a peaked cap of four-time Hero of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov, nicknamed the Marshal of Victory. This joint story by mos.ru and the Moscow Agency for Recreation and Tourism (Mosgortur) shows how the cap became part of the museum’s holdings. 

Important gift

In 1966, Georgy Zhukov celebrated his 70th birthday, with the Soviet Union marking the 25th anniversary of defeating Nazi forces near Moscow. At that time, Zhukov commanded the Red Army’s Western Front and played a major role in routing the enemy. The Soviet Government awarded Zhukov with the Order of Lenin in connection with the anniversary and his military exploits. They also started thinking of designing a monument to Marshal Zhukov. As a result, , Zhukov came to the workshop of sculptor Viktor Dumanyan, commissioned to make a 3D work of the heroic marshal.

Viktor Dumanyan. Georgy Zhukov in 1941. 1966

It took Dumyanyan only two sessions to complete the work. Zhukov was quite happy after admiring the masterpiece. He took off his peaked cap and gave it to Dumanyan out of gratitude.

This meeting changed the life of Viktor Dumanyan, who had almost never worked in the military-patriotic genre before. Later, he used the rough drawing, praised by the Marshal, to create several sculptural images of Zhukov. One of them, a 1966 high relief, now greets visitors at the entrance to the Defence of Moscow Museum.

Zhukov’s peaked cap is also part of the museum’s collection. In 1995, the daughter of frontline artist Alexander Zharenov, a good friend of Dumanyan, donated the cap to the museum. Actually, in 1984, Dumanyan gave the cap to Zharenov as a sign of respect, but Zharenov passed away in 1985. Ten years later, the cap surfaced at the Defence of Moscow Museum together with Zharenov’s frontline drawings.

Abortive project

In the late 1980s, it was decided to install a monument to Marshal Zhukov in his native village of Strelkovka in the Zhukov District of the Kaluga Region. After studying all available sculptural images, the officials decided to ask Dumanyan for help.

That was how the architectural and sculptural composition Marshal Zhukov’s Birthplace appeared in Strelkovka. Dumanyan received the Gold Medal from the Soviet Academy of Arts and nationwide acclaim for his work.  He depicted the military commander standing proudly, wearing an unbuttoned greatcoat and holding his famous peaked cap in his left hand, at his side.

After Zhukov’s death in 1974, authorities began discussing the installation of a monument to him in Moscow. That same year, Zhukova Prospekt opened in northwestern Moscow, and the Soviet Ministry of Culture later announced a contest for the best monument to Zhukov, for subsequent installation on Smolenskaya Square. The design of Viktor Dumanyan, who had already created a monument for Zhukov’s birthplace, placed first. However, the project was scrapped in 1992.

Photo: Press Service of Moscow Mayor and the Moscow Government. Denis Grishkin

People started discussing Zhukov’s monument for Moscow once again in the run-up to the 50th anniversary of Victory Day. Dumanyan’s version did not meet the new requirements. They suggested that the monument take on the form of an equestrian statue, and that it be placed on Red Square in front of the State History Museum. It was later decided to situate the monument on Manezhnaya Square, so as not to distort the image of Russia’s main square. Sculptor Vyacheslav Klykov designed the new monument that depicts the military commander on a stallion named Kumir (Idol) trampling upon Nazi German banners during the famous Victory Parade of 24 June 1945.

Musical composer

Dumanyan was a musician-turned-sculptor. In 1944, he graduated from the Central Musical School at the Baku Conservatory as a cellist. It was believed that he would become a brilliant academic musician, but his passion for sculpting gained the upper hand, and Dumanyan swapped his bow for sculpture tools. He studied at the Terlemezyan Art School in Yerevan for several years. After that, he went to Moscow and enrolled at the Surikov State Academic Art Institute. Famous Soviet monument sculptor Nikolai Tomsky became his mentor.

Many of his sculptures reflect Dumanyan’s love for music. He created 3D portraits of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Johann Sebastian Bach, Frederick Chopin, Alexander Skryabin, Dmitry Shostakovich and many other composers and musicians. Some of them made it from his workshop to the streets; his monuments to Ludwig Van Beethoven decorate Berlin and Kabul. Moscow has boasted a bronze sculpture of Sergei Prokofiev in Tokmakov Pereulok since 1991. Dressed in a concert tailcoat, the great composer is sitting with his legs crossed and facing the Prokofiev Musical School for Children.

The History of Things project offers more stories on exhibits from museum collections. 

Sours: https://www.mos.ru

Cap soviet peaked

Military WW2 caps, NKVD, RKKA Officers hats and Russian General visor hats. Also Lenin-styled leather peaked caps. Buy Officer and Sergeant visor hats for various USSR Army troops hats. Casual and parade caps for Red Army, Navy, KGB, Artillery and Tank, Air Force, Infantry Troops, Border Guards and other. Budenovka hat is a distinctive type of hat and an essential part of the communists uniform of the Russian Civil War and later. Its official name was the "broadcloth helmet". Named after Semyon Budyonny, made of wool.

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